From Latin azȳmita, from Ancient Greek ἀζῡμίτης (azūmítēs), from ἄζῡμος (ázūmos) + -ῑ́της (-ī́tēs, “suffix forming masculine nouns meaning being connected to or a member of something, or coming from a particular place”). ἄζῡμος is derived from ᾰ̓- (a-, “the alpha privativum, a prefix forming words having a sense opposite to the word or stem to which it is attached”) + ζύμη (zúmē, “leaven, yeast”) + -ος (-os, “suffix forming nouns of result or abstract nouns of action”). The English word is analysable as a- + zymo- + -ite or azyme + -ite.
azymite (plural azymites)
- (Eastern Orthodoxy, historical, derogatory) One who administers the Eucharist with unleavened bread, in particular a member of the Latin Church or Roman Catholic Church.
- 1843, Catherine Charlotte Maberly, Melanthe; or, The Days of the Medici: A Tale of the Fifteenth Century, volume 1, page 248:
- “Shall we drink a cup in honour of the Holy Virgin, and confusion to the Azymites?” / “Yes, yes! shouted the multitude. “Away with the Azymites—we want no new religion here;” and, singing and shouting, they threw up their caps in the air, […]
- 1898, Joseph Epiphane Darras; Martin John Spalding; Charles Ignatius White, A General History of the Catholic Church: From the Commencement of the Christian Era to the Twentieth Century, volume 3, page 602:
- “Away with them!” cried the Greeks; “we want no Latin allies! Away with the worship of the azymites!”
- 1916, Rothay Reynolds, My Slav Friends, page 15:
- Moreover, the Azymites were often guilty of another monstrous crime: they fasted judaistically on Saturdays.