azymite

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin azȳmita, from Ancient Greek ἀζῡμίτης (azūmítēs), from ἄζῡμος (ázūmos)[1] + -ῑ́της (-ī́tēs, suffix forming masculine nouns meaning being connected to or a member of something, or coming from a particular place). ἄζῡμος is derived from ᾰ̓- (a-, the alpha privativum, a prefix forming words having a sense opposite to the word or stem to which it is attached) + ζύμη (zúmē, leaven, yeast) + -ος (-os, suffix forming nouns of result or abstract nouns of action). The English word is analysable as a- +‎ zymo- +‎ -ite or azyme +‎ -ite.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

azymite (plural azymites)

  1. (Eastern Orthodoxy, historical, derogatory) One who administers the Eucharist with unleavened bread, in particular a member of the Latin Church or Roman Catholic Church.
    Antonyms: fermentarian, prozymite
    • 1843, Catherine Charlotte Maberly, Melanthe; or, The Days of the Medici: A Tale of the Fifteenth Century, volume 1, page 248:
      “Shall we drink a cup in honour of the Holy Virgin, and confusion to the Azymites?” / “Yes, yes! shouted the multitude. “Away with the Azymites—we want no new religion here;” and, singing and shouting, they threw up their caps in the air, []
    • 1898, Joseph Epiphane Darras; Martin John Spalding; Charles Ignatius White, A General History of the Catholic Church: From the Commencement of the Christian Era to the Twentieth Century, volume 3, page 602:
      “Away with them!” cried the Greeks; “we want no Latin allies! Away with the worship of the azymites!”
    • 1916, Rothay Reynolds, My Slav Friends, page 15:
      Moreover, the Azymites were often guilty of another monstrous crime: they fasted judaistically on Saturdays.

Usage notes[edit]

The word was used pejoratively by some members of the Eastern Orthodox Church to refer to members of the Latin Church or Roman Catholic Church.

Alternative forms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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