bitang

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German biutunge (booty, allocation of spoils), from Middle Low German bûte (booty, plunder) (compare German Beute). Possibly entered Hungarian via Czech bitung or bitunk.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

bitang (plural bitangok)

  1. (derogatory) rogue, rascal, scoundrel, villain
    Synonym: gazember
  2. (dated) rogue, vagabond, vagrant
    Synonyms: csavargó, jöttment

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bitang bitangok
accusative bitangot bitangokat
dative bitangnak bitangoknak
instrumental bitanggal bitangokkal
causal-final bitangért bitangokért
translative bitanggá bitangokká
terminative bitangig bitangokig
essive-formal bitangként bitangokként
essive-modal
inessive bitangban bitangokban
superessive bitangon bitangokon
adessive bitangnál bitangoknál
illative bitangba bitangokba
sublative bitangra bitangokra
allative bitanghoz bitangokhoz
elative bitangból bitangokból
delative bitangról bitangokról
ablative bitangtól bitangoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bitangé bitangoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bitangéi bitangokéi
Possessive forms of bitang
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bitangom bitangjaim
2nd person sing. bitangod bitangjaid
3rd person sing. bitangja bitangjai
1st person plural bitangunk bitangjaink
2nd person plural bitangotok bitangjaitok
3rd person plural bitangjuk bitangjaik

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bitang (comparative bitangabb, superlative legbitangabb)

  1. roguish, unscrupulous
    Synonyms: alávaló, erkölcstelen, jellemtelen, züllött

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bitang bitangok
accusative bitangot bitangokat
dative bitangnak bitangoknak
instrumental bitanggal bitangokkal
causal-final bitangért bitangokért
translative bitanggá bitangokká
terminative bitangig bitangokig
essive-formal bitangként bitangokként
essive-modal bitangul
inessive bitangban bitangokban
superessive bitangon bitangokon
adessive bitangnál bitangoknál
illative bitangba bitangokba
sublative bitangra bitangokra
allative bitanghoz bitangokhoz
elative bitangból bitangokból
delative bitangról bitangokról
ablative bitangtól bitangoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
bitangé bitangoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bitangéi bitangokéi

References[edit]

  1. ^ bitang in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN
  2. ^ bitang in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading[edit]

  • bitang in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)
  • bitang in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Rejang[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bitang

  1. Romanization of ꤷꥇꤳꥏ

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hungarian bitang

Noun[edit]

bitang m (plural bitangi)

  1. (Transylvania) bastard, illegitimate child

Declension[edit]