bocht

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɔxt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bocht
  • Rhymes: -ɔxt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bocht, from Old Dutch *buht, from Proto-Germanic *buhtiz. Related to buigen.

Noun[edit]

bocht f or m (plural bochten, diminutive bochtje n)

  1. bend, curve, inflection
  2. bight, broad curvature of a coastline, bay
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bocht m or n (uncountable)

  1. (now Belgium) junk, rubbish
  2. junk, booze, moonshine
  3. (Netherlands) disgusting drink, trash, rubbish
    Hij zei dat de bocht die hij ons gaf whiskey was, maar het smaakte er niet naar.
    He said that the foul drink he gave us was whiskey, but it didn't taste like it.

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bocht (poor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bocht (genitive singular masculine boicht, genitive singular feminine boichte, plural bochta, comparative boichte)

  1. poor (of circumstances, of quality, condition, expressing pity, sympathy, expressing dislike, contempt)
  2. stingy

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bocht m (genitive singular boicht, nominative plural boicht or bochta)

  1. poor person

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative nominative plural: bochta

Synonyms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bocht bhocht mbocht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *boxtos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogtós, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeg-.

Adjective[edit]

bocht

  1. poor
  2. (Christianity) of one who has taken a vow of poverty
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bocht bocht bocht
Vocative boicht*
bocht**
Accusative bocht boicht
Genitive boicht boichte boicht
Dative bocht boicht bocht
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative boicht bochta
Vocative bochtu
bochta
Accusative bochtu
bochta
Genitive bocht
Dative bochtaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: bocht
  • Manx: boght
  • Scottish Gaelic: bochd

Noun[edit]

bocht m or f

  1. poor person, pauper
  2. the poor (in a collective sense)
Inflection[edit]

As a masculine noun:

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bocht bochtL boichtL
Vocative boicht bochtL bochtuH
Accusative bochtN bochtL bochtuH
Genitive boichtL bocht bochtN
Dative bochtL bochtaib bochtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

As a feminine noun:

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bochtL boichtL bochtaH
Vocative bochtL boichtL bochtaH
Accusative boichtN boichtL bochtaH
Genitive boichteH bochtL bochtN
Dative boichtL bochtaib bochtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

·bocht

  1. passive singular preterite of boingid

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bocht bocht
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbocht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.