chiton

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See also: Chiton and chitón

English[edit]

A woman wearing a chiton (left), and two women with a himation over a chiton (right).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek χιτών (khitṓn, tunic), from a Central Semitic *kittan, from the Akkadian 𒌆𒃰 (kitû, literally flax, linen), from Sumerian 𒄑𒃰 (kitû [GIŠ.GADA])

Noun[edit]

chiton (plural chitons)

  1. A loose, woolen tunic, worn by both men and women in Ancient Greece.
    • 1992, Donna Tartt, The Secret History:
      On the night of our first attempt, we simply overdrank and passed out in our chitons in the woods near Francis’s house.
    • 1998, Colette Susan Czapski, NM238: A Hellenistic Statue and Its Archaistic Support, Kim J. Hartswick, Mary Carol Sturgeon (editors), Stephanos: Studies in Honor of Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, page 53,
      She wears a diaphanous himation that covers her torso, over a floor-length chiton of heavier fabric.
    • 2002, Nikolaos Kaltsas (editor), chapter I, in Sculpture in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens[1], page 156:
      She wears a chiton and himation, using both hands to hold the edge of the latter, in which she has gathered apples.
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Etymology 2[edit]

A chiton, Cryptochiton stelleri

From New Latin chiton. See above.

Noun[edit]

chiton (plural chitons)

  1. Any of various rock-clinging marine molluscs of the class Polyplacophora, including the genus Chiton.
    • 1969, Sam Hinton, chapter I, in Seashore Life of Southern California[2], page 72:
      In the giant chiton, Cryptochiton, this girdle has expanded so as to completely cover the plates.
    • 1979, R. McNeill Alexander, chapter I, in The Invertebrates[3], page 295:
      The chiton (Fig. 14.1 a) is depressed (dorso-ventrally flattened), with a large foot which has a flat sole.
    • 1996, Paul Henson, chapter I, in The Natural History of Big Sur[4], page 70:
      The bright orange gumboot chiton (Cryptochiton stelleri) is the largest in the world.
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