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See also: Congress



From Latin congressum, the past participle of congredior (I go, come together), itself from con- + gradior (I go, step). The verb is from the noun.



congress (countable and uncountable, plural congresses)

  1. (archaic) A coming together of two or more people; a meeting.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , New York Review of Books, 2001, p.48:
      After some little repast, he went to see Democritus […]. The multitude stood gazing round about to see the congress.
  2. A formal gathering or assembly; a conference held to discuss or decide on a specific question.
  3. (often capitalized: Congress) A legislative body of a state, originally the bicameral legislature of the United States of America.
  4. An association, especially one consisting of other associations or representatives of interest groups.
    The National Congress of American Indians
  5. (dated) Coitus; sexual intercourse.
    • 1927, Havelock Ellis, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 1 (of 6)[1]:
      Welsh ponies, I learn from a man who has had much experience with these animals, habitually produce erections and emissions in their stalls; they do not bring their hind quarters up during this process, and they close their eyes, which does not take place when they have congress with mares.


Derived terms[edit]



congress (third-person singular simple present congresses, present participle congressing, simple past and past participle congressed)

  1. (intransitive) To assemble together.
  2. To meet in a congress.