congress

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See also: Congress

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin congressum, the past participle of congredior (I go, come together), itself from con- + gradior (I go, step). The verb is from the noun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

congress (countable and uncountable, plural congresses)

  1. (archaic) A coming together of two or more people; a meeting.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      , New York Review of Books, 2001, p.48:
      After some little repast, he went to see Democritus […]. The multitude stood gazing round about to see the congress.
  2. A formal gathering or assembly; a conference held to discuss or decide on a specific question.
  3. (often capitalized) A legislative body of a state, originally the bicameral legislature of the United States of America.
    Synonyms: assembly, legislature, parliament
  4. An association, especially one consisting of other associations or representatives of interest groups.
    Synonym: federation
    The National Congress of American Indians
  5. (dated) Coitus; sexual intercourse.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:sexual intercourse
    • 1927, Havelock Ellis, Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 1 (of 6)[1]:
      Welsh ponies, I learn from a man who has had much experience with these animals, habitually produce erections and emissions in their stalls; they do not bring their hind quarters up during this process, and they close their eyes, which does not take place when they have congress with mares.
    • 1985, Cormac McCarthy, chapter 1, in Blood Meridian [] , OCLC 234287599:
      Not three weeks before this he was run out of Fort Smith Arkansas for having congress with a goat. Yes lady, that is what I said. Goat.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

congress (third-person singular simple present congresses, present participle congressing, simple past and past participle congressed)

  1. (intransitive) To assemble together.
  2. To meet in a congress.