crusta

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See also: crustă

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin, shell, crust, inlaid work.

Noun[edit]

crusta (plural crustae)

  1. A crust or shell.
  2. A gem engraved, or a plate embossed in low relief, for inlaying a vase or other object.
  3. A cocktail (typically of brandy, orange liqueur, bitters, and lemon juice and peel) distinguished by a sugared crust on the rim of the glass.
    • 1862, Jerry Thomas, How to Mix Drinks, Or The Bon-vivant's Companion, Dick & Fitzgerald, p.52:
      Crusta is made the same as a fancy cocktail, with a little lemon juice and a small lump of ice added.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *krustós (hardened), from *krews- (to form a crust, begin to freeze), related to Old Norse hroðr (scurf), Old English hruse (earth), Old High German hrosa (crust, ice), Latvian kruvesis (frozen mud), Ancient Greek κρύος (krúos, frost, icy cold), κρύσταλλος (krústallos, crystal, ice), Avestan 𐬑𐬭𐬎𐬰𐬛𐬭𐬀- (xruzdra-, hard), Sanskrit क्रुड् (kruḍ, thicken, make hard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crusta f (genitive crustae); first declension

  1. The hard surface of a body; rind, shell, crust, bark, scab.
  2. Plaster, mosaic or stucco work on a wall.

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative crusta crustae
genitive crustae crustārum
dative crustae crustīs
accusative crustam crustās
ablative crustā crustīs
vocative crusta crustae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

crusta n

  1. inflection of crustum:
    1. nominative plural
    2. accusative plural
    3. vocative plural

References[edit]

  • crusta in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crusta in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “crusta”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • crusta” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • crusta in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crusta in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin