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See also: crustă



Latin crusta (shell, crust, inlaid work).


crusta (plural crustae)

  1. A crust or shell.
  2. A gem engraved, or a plate embossed in low relief, for inlaying a vase or other object.
  3. A cocktail (typically of brandy, orange liqueur, bitters, and lemon juice and peel) distinguished by a sugared crust on the rim of the glass.
    • 1862, Jerry Thomas, How to Mix Drinks, Or The Bon-vivant's Companion, Dick & Fitzgerald, p.52:
      Crusta is made the same as a fancy cocktail, with a little lemon juice and a small lump of ice added.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for crusta in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913)




From Proto-Indo-European *krustós (hardened), from *krews- (to form a crust, begin to freeze), related to Old Norse hroðr (scurf), Old English hruse (earth), Old High German hrosa (crust, ice), Latvian kruvesis (frozen mud), Ancient Greek κρύος (krúos, frost, icy cold), κρύσταλλος (krústallos, crystal, ice), Avestan 𐬑𐬭𐬎𐬰𐬛𐬭𐬀-(xruzdra-, hard), Sanskrit क्रुड् (kruḍ, thicken, make hard).



crusta f (genitive crustae); first declension

  1. The hard surface of a body; rind, shell, crust, bark, scab.
  2. Plaster, mosaic or stucco work on a wall.


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative crusta crustae
Genitive crustae crustārum
Dative crustae crustīs
Accusative crustam crustās
Ablative crustā crustīs
Vocative crusta crustae

Derived terms[edit]



crusta n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of crustum


  • crusta”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crusta”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crusta in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • crusta in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • crusta”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crusta”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin