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From Proto-Indo-European *sriHgos. Cognate with Ancient Greek ῥῖγος (rhîgos).[1]



frīgus n (genitive frīgoris); third declension

  1. cold, coldness, coolness, chilliness
  2. the cold of winter; winter; frost
  3. the coldness of death; death
  4. a chill, fever
  5. a cold shudder which is produced by fear
  6. a cold region, place, area or spot
  7. (figuratively) inactivity, indolence, slowness
  8. (figuratively) a cold reception, indifference


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative frīgus frīgora
Genitive frīgoris frīgorum
Dative frīgorī frīgoribus
Accusative frīgus frīgora
Ablative frīgore frīgoribus
Vocative frīgus frīgora

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Eastern Romance:
    • Aromanian: frig
    • Romanian: frig
  • Vulgar Latin: *frīgulō


  • frigus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • frigus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • frigus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • frigus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • temperate climate: aer calore et frigore temperatus
    • the frost set in so severely that..: tanta vis frigoris insecuta est, ut
    • to be numb with cold: frigore (gelu) rigere, torpere
    • to freeze to death: frigore confici
    • to be able to bear heat and cold: aestus et frigoris patientem esse
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill