haggard

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhæɡ.əd/
  • (US) enPR: hăg-ərd' IPA(key): /ˈhæɡ.ɚd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æɡəd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French faulcon hagard (wild falcon) ( > French hagard (dazed)), from Middle High German hag (coppice) [1] ( > archaic German Hag (hedge, grove)). Akin to Frankish hagia ( > French haie (hedge))[2]

Adjective[edit]

haggard (comparative more haggard, superlative most haggard)

  1. Looking exhausted, worried, or poor in condition
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      Staring his eyes, and haggard was his look.
    • 1986, John le Carré, A Perfect Spy:
      By the end of two weeks there isn't a county in England where he hasn't pledged his holiness six different ways — which is not to deny that intermittently he has visions of himself as a haggard apostle of the life renounced, converting beautiful women and millionaires to Christian poverty.
    Pale and haggard faces.
    A gradual descent into a haggard and feeble state.
    The years of hardship made her look somewhat haggard.
  2. Wild or untamed
    a haggard or refractory hawk
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

haggard (plural haggards)

  1. (falconry) A hunting bird captured as an adult.
  2. (falconry) A young or untrained hawk or falcon.
  3. (obsolete) A fierce, intractable creature.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      I have loved this proud disdainful haggard.
  4. (obsolete) A hag.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Garth to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

Old Norse heygarðr (hay-yard)[3]

Noun[edit]

haggard (plural haggards)

  1. (dialectal, Isle of Man, Ireland, Scotland) A stackyard, an enclosure on a farm for stacking grain, hay, etc.
    He tuk a slew [swerve] round the haggard [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ haggard” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2019.
  2. ^ Le Robert pour tous, Dictionnaire de la langue française, Janvier 2004, p. 547, haie
  3. ^ Terence Patrick Dolan A Dictionary of Hiberno-English: The Irish Use of English (2006) s.v "haggard" p.118 →ISBN