komputer

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See also: kompüter and kompûter

Hungarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English computer.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkompjuːtɛr], [ˈkompjutɛr], [ˈkomputɛr][1] (the latter is rare)
  • Hyphenation: kom‧pu‧ter
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Noun[edit]

komputer (plural komputerek)

  1. (dated) synonym of számítógép (computer, a programmable device).

Usage notes[edit]

This spelling is the officially endorsed, accepted version,[2] although hybrid[3][4] in terms of reflecting the pronunciation of “c” as [k] but preserving the English spelling of “u” despite its approximate pronunciations [ju] or [juː]. Its alternative forms kompjuter or kompjúter, though more faithful in pronunciation and consistent in transcription, are considered nonstandard. The term is dated in any versions, nonetheless.

The standard version was possibly chosen because the p + j + vowel sequence is uncommon within a Hungarian word stem (cf. musical as a Hungarian loanword rather than *mjuzikel).[5] The [j] between a vowel and a consonant is more accepted in loanwords, e.g. lájk(ol), fájl, szmájli, and the considerably earlier sztrájk. It is also possible that eliminating the sound [j] seemed preferable when codifying the form so [komputer] was in fact meant to reflect the Hungarian pronunciation.[6]

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative komputer komputerek
accusative komputert komputereket
dative komputernek komputereknek
instrumental komputerrel komputerekkel
causal-final komputerért komputerekért
translative komputerré komputerekké
terminative komputerig komputerekig
essive-formal komputerként komputerekként
essive-modal
inessive komputerben komputerekben
superessive komputeren komputereken
adessive komputernél komputereknél
illative komputerbe komputerekbe
sublative komputerre komputerekre
allative komputerhez komputerekhez
elative komputerből komputerekből
delative komputerről komputerekről
ablative komputertől komputerektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
komputeré komputereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
komputeréi komputerekéi
Possessive forms of komputer
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. komputerem komputereim
2nd person sing. komputered komputereid
3rd person sing. komputere komputerei
1st person plural komputerünk komputereink
2nd person plural komputeretek komputereitek
3rd person plural komputerük komputereik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grétsy, László and Gábor Kemény, editors. Nyelvművelő kéziszótár (’Concise Dictionary for Language Cultivation’). Second, revised and extended edition. Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN
  2. ^ Tóth, Etelka (ed.). Magyar helyesírási szótár: A magyar helyesírás szabályai tizenkettedik kiadása szerint (’Dictionary of Hungarian Orthography: according to the 12th edition of the regulations of the Hungarian orthography’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2017. →ISBN
  3. ^ Computer, kompjúter vagy komputer? Furcsa hibrid a „komputer”, mégis helyes…Computer, kompjúter or komputer? ‘Computer’ is a strange hybrid, yet correct…” (Nyest.hu, 2014)
  4. ^ Süle, Jenő. Idegen szavaink nyelvhasználatunkban, ahogy ma látjuk “Foreign words in our linguistic usage, as we see it today” (Magyar Nyelvőr, vol. 102, issue 1, 1978, pp. 8–26)
  5. ^ Laczkó, Krisztina and Attila Mártonfi. Helyesírás (’Orthography’). Budapest: Osiris Kiadó, 2006. →ISBN, pp. 242–244.
  6. ^ Tudja, hogy kell írni az idegen szavakat – magyarul? “Do you know how to write foreign words – in Hungarian?” (Frissmédia)

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From English computer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

komputêr (plural komputer-komputer, first-person possessive komputerku, second-person possessive komputermu, third-person possessive komputernya)

  1. (computing) computer, a programmable electronic device that performs mathematical calculations and logical operations, especially one that can process, store and retrieve large amounts of data very quickly; now especially, a small one for personal or home use employed for manipulating text or graphics, accessing the Internet, or playing games or media.

Derived terms[edit]

Affixations
Compounds

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms
komputer

Etymology[edit]

From English computer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

komputer (Jawi spelling کومڤوتر‎, plural komputer-komputer, informal 1st possessive komputerku, 2nd possessive komputermu, 3rd possessive komputernya)

  1. computer (a programmable device)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

komputer f

  1. Alternative form of kompûter

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English computer.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɔmˈpu.tɛr/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -utɛr
  • Syllabification: kom‧pu‧ter

Noun[edit]

komputer m inan (diminutive komputerek)

  1. (computing) computer (programmable device)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • komputer in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • komputer in Polish dictionaries at PWN