lielums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From liels (big) +‎ -ums.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lielums m (1st declension)

  1. size, value, magnitude (a property or set of properties expressed numerically in some measurement unit)
    priekšmeta lielumsobject size
    telpas lielumsroom size
    ātruma lielumsspeed value, magnitude
    ražas lielumsharvest size, yield
    rūpniecības produkcijas lieluma pieaugumsgrowth in the size of industrial production
    kapitālo ieguldījumu lielumscapital investment size, value
    dotais lielumsgiven, known value
    nezināmais lielumsunknown value
    vidējais artimētiskais lielumsarithmetic mean (lit. middle arithmetic value)
    vidējais ģeometriskais lielumsgeometric mean (lit. middle geometric value)
    konstants, pastāvīgs lielumsconstant value
    mainīgs lielumsvariable value, variable
    samērojami, nesamērojami lielumicommensurable, incommensurable quantities
    bezgalīgi liels lielumsinfinitely large value, magnitude
    bezgalīgi mazs lielumsinfinitely small, infinitesimal value, magnitude
    galīgs lielumsfinite size, value
  2. (of clothes, shoes) size (standard dimensions, usually identified by numbers)
    kurpes bija sakārtotas pēc lielumiem' the shoes were ordered by size
    pieaugušiem vīriešiem visizplatītākais apģērba lielums ir 48 un 50in adult men, the most common clothes size is 48 and 50.
  3. (chiefly in the singular) intensity, greatness
    sajūsmas, uztraukuma lielumsdelight, excitement intensity
    lieluma mānijamegalomania (lit. greatness mania)
  4. (chiefly singular) greatness, importance
    Tēvijas kara lielums vēsturē ir nesalīdzināmsthe greatness of the Patriotic war in history is incomparable
    laika lielumu, kurā dzīvojām, var apjaust un pareizi novērtētthe greatness of the times in which we live can be comprehended and properly assessed
  5. (chiefly in the singular) greatness (outstanding positive qualities of a person)
    ne jau rindu skaits nosaka dzejnieka lielumu, bet gan domu briedums, drosme un emocionālais spēks, kas ieslēpts vārsmāsnot the number of lines shows the poet's greatness, but the maturity of thought, the courage and emotional strength, which lie hidden in the verses
  6. (colloquial) most, greater part
    lielums no pavasara ūdeņiem bija jau noskrējismost, the greater part of the spring waters had already run, flowed by

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]