lietus

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See also: lietūs

Latvian[edit]

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 lietus on Latvian Wikipedia
Lietus
Lietus

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as Latvian liet (to pour) and līt (to flow, to stream, to rain) (q.v.), made into a masculine third declension noun (with ending -us);[1] from Proto-Balto-Slavic *l(e/o)ʔi-,[2] ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *ley- (to flow, pour, stream; to glide, slip, be slippery). Cognates include Lithuanian lietùs (rain), lytùs, líeti (to pour), laĩvas (ship), and likely the names of Latvia[3] and Lithuania[4]. More distantly related are Old Church Slavonic лити (liti, to pour) (< Proto-Slavic *lìti), Albanian lisë (I pour), Proto-Germanic *līþu (cider ~ liquor), Ancient Greek ἄλεισον (áleison, wine container) and (perhaps) λάταξ (látax, drop), Old Irish laith (liquid; ale, liquor) (< Proto-Celtic *lati-), and Latin litus (shore, beach).

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

lietus m (3rd declension)

  1. rain, shower; rainwater
    pavasara lietusspring rain, shower
    garie rudens lietuslong autumn rain
    spēcīgs lietusheavy rain
    īslaicīgs lietusshort-term rain
    lietus bungo pa jumtuthe rain is drumming on the roof
    lietus līstit (lit. rain) is raining
    lietus līņā, smidzinait (lit. rain) is drizzling
    lietus ūdensrainwater
    lietus lāsesraindrops
    lietus pil no jumtathe rain(water) is dripping from the roof
    lietus mākoņirain clouds
    lietus mētelis, lietusmētelisrain coat
    caur pelēcīgo lietus plīvuru parādās kravas automobilisthrough the grayish veil of rain a truck (lit. cargo automobile) appeared
    viņi bija lietū ieecējuši auzasthey had began to harrow the oats in the rain (= while it was raining)
  2. (in the plural) rains, rainy period
    pēc lielajiem lietiem sākās labības pļaujaafter the big rains began the cereal harvest
  3. (figurative) rain (a rain-like group of small moving objects; a large number of similar things)
    zvaigžņu lietusstar rain (= meteor shower)
    dzirksteļu lietusspark rain (= many sparks)
    ložu lietusbullet rain (e.g., from a machine gun)
    priedēs iespurdz vējš, un uz ceļa nolīst ziedputekšņu lietusthe wind began to flutter in the pine trees, and a rain of pollen fell (lit. rained) on the road

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “lietus”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “latvietis”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN
  4. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) , “lietuvieši”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Lithuanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lt

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *leitus, from Proto-Indo-European *ley-, *lī- (to pour, to flow, to drip).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

lietùs m (plural líetūs) stress pattern 3

  1. rain
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

líetus m pl

  1. accusative plural of lietus