limn

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See also: limn-

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English limnen, limyne, lymm, lymn, lymne (to illuminate (a manuscript)),[1] a variant of luminen (to illuminate (a manuscript)),[2] short form of enluminen (to shed light on, illuminate; to enlighten; to make bright or clear; to give colour to; to illuminate (a manuscript); to depict, describe; to adorn or embellish with figures of speech or poetry; to make famous, glorious, or illustrious), from Old French enluminer (to brighten, light up; to give colour to; to illuminate (a manuscript)),[3] from Latin illūminō (to brighten, light up; to adorn; to make conspicuous), from il- (a variant of in- (prefix meaning ‘in, inside’)) + lūminō (to brighten, illuminate; to reveal) (from lūmen (light; (poetic) brightness) (from Proto-Indo-European *lewk- (bright; to shine; to see)) + (suffix forming regular first-conjugation verbs)).[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

limn (third-person singular simple present limns, present participle limning, simple past and past participle limned)

  1. (transitive, also figuratively) To draw or paint; to delineate.
    Synonym: depict
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To illuminate, as a manuscript; to decorate with gold or some other bright colour.
    Synonym: enlimn (to illuminate (a manuscript))
    • 1721, John Strype, chapter XXV, in Ecclesiastical Memorials; Relating Chiefly to Religion, and the Reformation of It, and the Emergencies of the Church of England, under King Henry VIII. King Edward VI. and Queen Mary the First. [] In Three Volumes. [], volume I, London: Printed for John Wyat, [], OCLC 777964090, book I, page 182:
      Some of her [Elizabeth Barton's] Revelations were no better than ſilly Tales: Such was a certain Tale of Mary Magdalen, delivering her a Letter from Heaven, that was limned with golden Letters: which indeed was written by a Monk of St. Auguſtines, Canterbury: and another at Calais.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ limnen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. ^ lūminen” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ enlūminen” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 13 May 2019.
  4. ^ Compare “limn, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1903; “lumine, v.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1903; “limn, v.” in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press.