Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2019/August

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2019
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1[edit]

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Word of the day for August 1
scouthouse n
  1. (Scouting, US) A building where members of the Scout Movement hold their meetings.

PointingHand.svg The first Scout camp was held on Brownsea Island in Dorset, England, U.K. (now the site of the Brownsea Island Scout camp) starting on this day in 1907.

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2[edit]

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Word of the day for August 2
hello girl n
  1. (telephony, informal, dated) A female telephone operator.

PointingHand.svg Scottish-born engineer Alexander Graham Bell, who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone, died on this day in 1922.

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4[edit]

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Word of the day for August 4
othering n
  1. (chiefly philosophy) The process of perceiving or portraying someone or something as essentially alien or different.
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6[edit]

9[edit]

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Word of the day for August 9
impeachment n
  1. (countable) The act of calling into question or challenging the accuracy or propriety of something.
    1. (countable, law) A demonstration in a court of law, or before another finder of fact, that a witness was ingenuine before, and is therefore less likely to tell the truth now.
    2. (countable, law, Britain) An accusation that a person has committed a crime against the state, such as treason.
    3. (countable, law, chiefly US) The act of impeaching or charging a public official with misconduct, especially if serious, often with the aim of having the official dismissed from office.
  2. (uncountable) The state of being impeached.
  3. (uncountable, archaic) Hindrance; impediment; obstruction.

PointingHand.svg On this day 45 years ago in 1974, the President of the United States, Richard Nixon, resigned before impeachment proceedings started against him by the House of Representatives were completed.

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11[edit]

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Word of the day for August 11
Weimarization n
  1. (politics) A state of economic crisis leading to political upheaval and extremism.

PointingHand.svg On this day 100 years ago in 1919, the national assembly of the German state met in Weimar to adopt a new constitution, leading to the formation of the unstable Weimar Republic.

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12[edit]

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Word of the day for August 12
sericulture n
  1. (agriculture) The rearing of silkworms for the production of silk.

PointingHand.svg Queen Sirikit, the queen mother of Thailand after whom the Queen Sirikit Department of Sericulture is named, was born on this day in 1932. Her birthday is celebrated as a public holiday and also observed as National Mother’s Day in Thailand.

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13[edit]

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Word of the day for August 13
meteorwrong n
  1. (humorous) A rock that is believed to be a meteorite, but is in fact terrestrial in origin; a pseudometeorite.

PointingHand.svg The Perseids meteor shower peaks on 12 and 13 August 2019.

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15[edit]

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Word of the day for August 15
neroli n
  1. More fully neroli oil or oil of neroli: an essential oil distilled from the blossoms of the bitter orange or Seville orange (Citrus × aurantium subsp. amara) used to make perfumes.

PointingHand.svg Today is Ferragosto, a public holiday in Italy. The term derives from the Latin feriae Augusti (holidays of the Emperor Augustus), and is said to have been introduced by Augustus after his victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 B.C.E.

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17[edit]

19[edit]

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Word of the day for August 19
Palladian adj
  1. (Greek mythology, rare) Of or relating to Pallas, an epithet of Athena, the goddess of wisdom.
  2. (by extension, rare) Of or relating to knowledge, study, or wisdom. []
  3. (architecture) In the style of the Italian neoclassical architect Andrea Palladio.

Palladian n

  1. (architecture) An architect who designs buildings in the Palladian style.

PointingHand.svg The Italian architect Andrea Palladio, who is widely considered to be one of the most influential people in the history of architecture, died on this day in 1580.

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24[edit]

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Word of the day for August 24
bandura n
  1. (music) A Ukrainian plucked stringed instrument with a tear-shaped body, like an asymmetrical lute or a vertical zither, which is played with both hands while held upright on the lap.

PointingHand.svg Today is the Independence Day of Ukraine.

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28[edit]

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Word of the day for August 28
Faustian bargain n
  1. (idiomatic) An agreement in which a person abandons his or her spiritual values or moral principles in order to obtain knowledge, wealth or other benefits.
  2. (idiomatic) A deal in which one focuses on present gain without considering the long-term consequences.

PointingHand.svg German writer and statesman Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, whose play Faust is widely regarded as his magnum opus and the greatest work of German literature, was born on this day 270 years ago in 1749.

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31[edit]