Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2020/January

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2020
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1[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 1
calends n
  1. Often with initial capital: the first day of a month, particularly (Ancient Rome, historical) the first day of a month of the Roman calendar.
  2. (by extension) A day for settling debts and other accounts.
  3. (by extension, biblical, Judaism, obsolete) Synonym of Rosh Hodesh (the Jewish festival of the new moon, which begins the months of the Hebrew calendar)
  4. (rare) Synonym of calendar; (figuratively) an account, a record.
  5. (figuratively, obsolete) The first day of something; a beginning.

PointingHand.svg Happy New Year from all of us at the English Wiktionary!

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2[edit]

4[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 4
shorthand n
  1. A rough and rapid method of writing by substituting symbols for letters, words, etc.
  2. (by extension) Any brief or shortened way of saying or doing something.

PointingHand.svg Sir Isaac Pitman, who developed the widely used shorthand system now known as Pitman shorthand, was born on this day in 1813.

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5[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 5
coryphée n
  1. Synonym of coryphaeus
    1. (Ancient Greece, drama, historical) The conductor or leader of the chorus of a drama.
    2. (by extension) The chief or leader of an interest or party.
  2. (ballet) A ballet dancer ranking above a member of the corps de ballet and below a soloist.

PointingHand.svg The African-American dancer, choreographer, and director Alvin Ailey was born on this day in 1931. His work fused ballet, modern dance, jazz, and theatre with black vernacular.

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6[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 6
taut adj
  1. (also figuratively) Under tension, like a stretched bowstring, rope, or sail; tight.
  2. Of a body, muscles, etc.: not flabby; firm, toned; of a person: having a lean, strong body.
  3. Of music, writing, etc.: containing only relevant parts; brief and controlled.
  4. (figuratively) Experiencing anxiety or stress.
  5. (nautical) Of a sailor or a ship: neat and well-disciplined; (by extension) efficient and in order.
  6. (oenology) Strong; uncompromising.
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20[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 20
high crime n
  1. (law) Often in the plural: a major crime or wrongdoing, notably one subject to trial before the highest courts which may impose the gravest punishments.

PointingHand.svg The trial of Charles I for high treason and other high crimes began on this day in 1649. Accused of leading England into the First English Civil War to pursue his own interest rather than the good of the country, he was found guilty and executed on 30 January 1649.

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24[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 24
QED phrase
  1. (mathematics, dated) Initialism of quod erat demonstrandum (what had to be proved; what was to be demonstrated): placed at the end of a mathematical proof to show that the theorem under discussion is proved.
  2. (by extension) Used to indicate that an argument or proposition is proved by the existence of some fact or scenario.

QED n

  1. Some fact or scenario that proves an argument or proposition; a justification.

PointingHand.svg Today is marked by the United Nations as the International Day of Education to recognize the importance of ensuring equitable and inclusive education at all levels so that people may acquire the knowledge and skills needed to participate fully in society and contribute towards sustainable development.

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26[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 26
Aussie salute n
  1. (Australia, humorous) The act of waving a hand in front of the face to flick away flies (particularly bush flies, Musca vetustissima).
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27[edit]

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Word of the day
for January 27
iniquity n
  1. (uncountable) Deviation from what is right; gross injustice, sin, wickedness.
  2. (countable) An act of great injustice or unfairness; a sinful or wicked act; an unconscionable deed.

PointingHand.svg Today is International Holocaust Remembrance Day, which marks the Holocaust that occurred during World War II – the genocide perpetrated on Jews and other people by the Nazi regime and its collaborators.

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