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Alternative forms[edit]


1894, US. lyo- +‎ philos +‎ -ization (alternatively analyzed as lyophilize +‎ -ation), from Ancient Greek λύω (lúō, to loosen, to dissolve) + φίλος (phílos, beloved) + -ίζειν (-ízein) + Latin -ātiō. Cognates in other European languages via same construction.


lyophilization (countable and uncountable, plural lyophilizations)

  1. freeze-drying; the removal of moisture from a frozen material using vacuum
    • 1894, United States Department of Agriculture, Crops in Peace and War: The Yearbook of Agriculture (U.S. G.P.O.), p. 74, p. 907:
      After dialysis, the enzyme can be obtained as a dry powder by lyophilization.
      Lyophilization The process of vacuum-drying substances from the frozen state. The water is sublimated into a trap at low temperature or is absorbed by drying agents. Verb: lyophilize.