mēnesis

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s ‎(moon, month), from *mē-² ‎(to measure). Cognates include Lithuanian mėnuo ‎(month, moon), Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць ‎(měsęcĭ, moon, month) (Russian месяц ‎(mésjac), Polish miesiąc, Czech měsíc), Sanskrit मास ‎(māsa), Persian ماه ‎(māh), Old Armenian ամիս ‎(amis), Ancient Greek μήν ‎(mḗn, moon), Latin mēnsis ‎(month) (Spanish mes, Italian mese, French mois), Proto-Celtic *mīns (Irish , Welsh mis), and Proto-Germanic *mēnōþs ‎(month) (Old English mōnað, English month, German Monat, Dutch maand, Swedish månad).

Noun[edit]

mēnesis m (2nd declension)

  1. month (one of the 12 divisions of the year)
    pavasara, rudens mēneši — spring, autumn months
    mēneša vidējā temperatūra — average monthly temperature
    gaidīt vairākus mēnešus — to wait for several months
    ziemas mēnesis — winter month (= January)
  2. month (a period of approximately 30 days)
    paveikt darbu divos mēnešos — get the job done in two months
    pēc mēneša — after a month
    sapulce notiek reizi mēnesī — the meeting happens once a month

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The noun mēnesis ‎(month) is often confused with its homonym mēness ‎(moon), with which it has most declension forms in common (only the nominative singular and genitive singular forms of these two nouns are different).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]