mēnesis

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon, month), from *mē-² (to measure). Cognates include Lithuanian mėnuo (month, moon), Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць (měsęcĭ, moon, month) (Russian месяц (mésjac), Polish miesiąc, Czech měsíc), Sanskrit मास (māsa), Persian ماه (māh), Old Armenian ամիս (amis), Ancient Greek μήν (mḗn, moon), Latin mēnsis (month) (Spanish mes, Italian mese, French mois), Proto-Celtic *mīns (Irish , Welsh mis), and Proto-Germanic *mēnōþs (month) (Old English mōnað, English month, German Monat, Dutch maand, Swedish månad).

Noun[edit]

mēnesis m (2nd declension)

  1. month (one of the 12 divisions of the year)
    pavasara, rudens mēnešispring, autumn months
    mēneša vidējā temperatūraaverage monthly temperature
    gaidīt vairākus mēnešusto wait for several months
    ziemas mēnesiswinter month (= January)
  2. month (a period of approximately 30 days)
    paveikt darbu divos mēnešosget the job done in two months
    pēc mēnešaafter a month
    sapulce notiek reizi mēnesīthe meeting happens once a month

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The noun mēnesis (month) is often confused with its homonym mēness (moon), with which it has most declension forms in common (only the nominative singular and genitive singular forms of these two nouns are different).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]