mēness

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See also: meness and Mēness

Latvian[edit]

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 Mēness on Latvian Wikipedia

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Mēness

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s ‎(moon, month), from Proto-Indo-European *mē-² ‎(to measure). Cognates include Lithuanian mėnuo ‎(month, moon), Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць ‎(měsęcĭ, moon, month) (Russian месяц ‎(mésjac), Polish miesiąc, Czech měsíc), Sanskrit मास ‎(māsa), Persian ماه ‎(māh), Old Armenian ամիս ‎(amis), Ancient Greek μήν ‎(mḗn, moon), Latin mēnsis ‎(month) (Spanish mes, Italian mese, French mois), Proto-Celtic *mīns (Irish , Welsh mis), Proto-Germanic *mēnōþs ‎(month) (Old English mōnað, English month, German Monat, Dutch maand, Swedish månad).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

mēness m (2nd declension, irregular nominative, genitive)

  1. (astronomy) moon (largest satellite of the Earth; often Mēness)
    mēness aptumsumslunar eclipse
    mēness virsmamoon surface
    mēness gaisma, mēnessgaismamoonlight
    mēness spīd — the moon shines
    mēness nakts — (full) moon night
    mēness jūramoon sea, mare (dark area on the surface of the moon)
    mēness kalendārslunar calendar
    mēness fāzesmoon phases
    jauns, augošs, pilns, dilstošs mēness — new, crescent, full, waning moon
    vecs mēness — old moon (visible only as a thin crescent oriented towards the sun)
    tukšs mēness — empty moon (new moon when entirely invisible)
    bāls kā mēness — pale as the moon
  2. (astronomy) moon, satellite (of another planet)
    Jupitera mēneši — the moons of Jupiter

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • When referring to the Earth's largest satellite as a location, mēness is often capitalized: Mēness.
  • The noun mēnesis ‎(month) is often confused with its homonym mēness ‎(moon), with which it has most declension forms in common (only the nominative singular and genitive singular forms of these two nouns are different).

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]