mundus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

mundus

  1. plural of mundu

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Two possibilities include:

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mundus (feminine munda, neuter mundum, comparative mundior, superlative mundissimus, adverb munditer); first/second-declension adjective

  1. clean, pure; neat
  2. nice, fine, elegant, sophisticated
  3. decorated, adorned
  4. pure (trait)
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative mundus munda mundum mundī mundae munda
Genitive mundī mundae mundī mundōrum mundārum mundōrum
Dative mundō mundō mundīs
Accusative mundum mundam mundum mundōs mundās munda
Ablative mundō mundā mundō mundīs
Vocative munde munda mundum mundī mundae munda
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From mundus (adjective). In the sense “universe”, calque of Ancient Greek κόσμος (kósmos).

Noun[edit]

mundus m (genitive mundī); second declension

  1. ornaments, decorations, dress (of a woman)
  2. implement
  3. universe, world, esp. the heavens and the heavenly bodies
    • 70 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Georgics 1.5:
      Vōs, ō clārissima mundī / lūmina, lābentem caelō quae dūcitis annum; /
      Oh ye, most radiant lights of the heavens, who lead the gliding year in the sky
  4. mankind (inhabitants of the earth)
    • Lucan, Pharsalia 5.469-471:
      miserīque fuit spēs inrita mundī, / posse ducēs parvā campī statiōne diremptōs / admōtum damnāre nefās.
      The unfortunate world's hope turned out in vain, the hope that the leaders, separated by a small field distance, could condemn the impiety drawing near.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Evangelium secundum Ioannem.3.16:
      Sic enim dilexit Deus mundum ut filium suum unigenitum daret, ut omnis qui credit in eum non pereat, sed habeat vitam aeternam.
      For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, so that whoever believes in him may not perish but have eternal life.
  5. (Medieval Latin) century
  6. (Medieval Latin) group of people
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mundus mundī
Genitive mundī mundōrum
Dative mundō mundīs
Accusative mundum mundōs
Ablative mundō mundīs
Vocative munde mundī
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • mundus1 in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mundus2 in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mundus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • mundus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • 1 mundus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • 2 mundus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the universe: rerum or mundi universitas
    • the perfect harmony of the universe: totius mundi convenientia et consensus
    • God made the world: deus mundum aedificavit, fabricatus est, effecit (not creavit)
    • God is the Creator of the world: deus est mundi procreator (not creator), aedificator, fabricator, opifex rerum
    • a citizen of the world; cosmopolitan: mundanus, mundi civis et incola (Tusc. 5. 37)
  • mundus in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press