mundus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Two possibilities include:

  1. From Etruscan 𐌌𐌖𐌈 ‎(muθ, pit, mundus).
  2. From Proto-Indo-European *mh₂nd- ‎(to adorn) and cognate with Old High German mandag ‎(joyful, happy, dashing). Possibly also conflated in the sense of "clean, neat" with Proto-Indo-European *muh₂-, *meuh₂- ‎(to wash, wet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mundus m ‎(genitive mundī); second declension

  1. the world, universe, heavens
  2. mankind
  3. a toilet/dress (of a woman)
  4. a decoration, an ornament

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mundus mundī
genitive mundī mundōrum
dative mundō mundīs
accusative mundum mundōs
ablative mundō mundīs
vocative munde mundī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mundus m ‎(feminine munda, neuter mundum); first/second declension

  1. clean, pure; neat
  2. nice, fine, elegant, sophisticated
  3. decorated, adorned

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative mundus munda mundum mundī mundae munda
genitive mundī mundae mundī mundōrum mundārum mundōrum
dative mundō mundō mundīs
accusative mundum mundam mundum mundōs mundās munda
ablative mundō mundā mundō mundīs
vocative munde munda mundum mundī mundae munda

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • mundus1 in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mundus2 in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mundus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • MUNDUS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • 1 mundus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • 2 mundus in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the universe: rerum or mundi universitas
    • the perfect harmony of the universe: totius mundi convenientia et consensus
    • God made the world: deus mundum aedificavit, fabricatus est, effecit (not creavit)
    • God is the Creator of the world: deus est mundi procreator (not creator), aedificator, fabricator, opifex rerum
    • a citizen of the world; cosmopolitan: mundanus, mundi civis et incola (Tusc. 5. 37)
  • mundus in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press