κόσμος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *ḱónsmos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- or *ḱems-, "to put in order". Related to Latin cēnseō ‎(to estimate) and Sanskrit शंसति ‎(śaṃsati, to commend, praise).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κόσμος ‎(kósmosm ‎(genitive κόσμου); second declension kosmos may be Romanised forms of Ancient Greek κόσμος.

  1. order
  2. lawful order, government
  3. mode, fashion
  4. ornament, decoration
  5. honour, credit
  6. ruler
  7. world, universe, the earth
  8. mankind

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 759-760

Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κόσμος ‎(kósmos), from Proto-Indo-European *muH₂-, *meuH₂- ‎(to wash, wet).

Noun[edit]

κόσμος ‎(kósmosm ‎(plural κόσμοι)

  1. Universe, cosmos
  2. world, planet Earth
  3. society, people, the masses
  4. a group of people (geographically, historically, socially)
    Ο ρωμαϊκός κόσμος (the Roman world or the Romans)
    Ζει σε άλλον κόσμο! (He lives in another world!)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]