κόσμος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *ḱónsmos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- or *ḱems-, "to put in order". Related to Latin cēnseō ‎(to estimate) and Sanskrit शंसति ‎(śaṃsati, to commend, praise).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

κόσμος ‎(kósmosm ‎(genitive κόσμου); second declension

  1. order
  2. lawful order, government
  3. mode, fashion
  4. ornament, decoration
  5. honour, credit
  6. ruler
  7. world, universe, the earth
  8. mankind

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 759-760



Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κόσμος ‎(kósmos), from Proto-Indo-European *muH₂-, *meuH₂- ‎(to wash, wet).

Noun[edit]

κόσμος ‎(kósmosm ‎(plural κόσμοι)

  1. Universe, cosmos
  2. world, planet Earth
  3. society, people, the masses
  4. a group of people (geographically, historically, socially)
    Ο ρωμαϊκός κόσμος (the Roman world or the Romans)
    Ζει σε άλλον κόσμο! (He lives in another world!)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

External links[edit]