κόσμος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *ḱónsmos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱens- or *ḱems-, "to put in order". Related to Latin cēnseō (to estimate) and Sanskrit शंसति (śaṃsati, to commend, praise).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kóz.mos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈkoz.mos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈkoz.mos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈkoz.mos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈkoz.mos/
  • Noun[edit]

    κόσμος (kósmosm (genitive κόσμου); second declension (Epic, Attic, Ionic, Doric, Koine)

    1. order
    2. lawful order, government
    3. mode, fashion
    4. ornament, decoration
    5. honour, credit
    6. ruler
    7. world, universe, the earth
    8. mankind

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 759-760

    Further reading[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek κόσμος (kósmos).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /ˈko.zmos/
    • Hyphenation: κό‧σμος

    Noun[edit]

    κόσμος (kósmosm (plural κόσμοι)

    1. (astronomy) Universe, cosmos
    2. world; planet Earth
      1. (figuratively) an imaginary world
        See expressions
      2. (figuratively) one's own, inner world
        Ζει σε άλλον κόσμο!!Zei se állon kósmo!!He lives in another world!!
        Derivative: (ironic, augmentative) κοσμάρα f (kosmára)
    3. (collective, in the singular) society, people, the masses
      Δεν φταίει ο κόσμος, φταίνε οι πολιτικοί.Den ftaíei o kósmos, ftaíne oi politikoí.It is not the fault of the people, it is the politicians' fault.
      (expression) όλος ο κόσμος ― ólos o kósmos ― everybody
      See more expressions
      Derivative: (pejorative) κοσμάκης m (kosmákis)
    4. a group of people (geographically, historically, socially)
      O Ρωμαϊκός κόσμοςO Romaïkós kósmosThe Roman world (the Romans, the Roman civilization)

    Declension[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    (with prefixes): κοσμο-, κοσμό-, κοσμ-
    (figuratively):

    (collective):

    And see derivatives of inherited ancient words:

    Related terms[edit]

    Further reading[edit]