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See also: nave, näve, and nāvē


 nāve on Latvian Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal) nāvs (6th decl.)


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Originally an i-stem (*nāvis; compare dialectal nāvs) changed by analogy into a 5th-declension e-stem; from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nā́ˀwis, from Proto-Indo-European *neh₂wis, from the stem *neh₂w- (death). There is also a stem *néh₂us (boat, ship) (compare Latin navis, Ancient Greek ναῦς (naûs), Sanskrit नाव (nāva), Proto-Scythian *nā́w (boat, ship), Tajik нов (nov, gutter), Norwegian Bokmål nu (hod, trough). It is possible that these two *neh₂w-'s were originally one stem, with the meaning “timber, tree” (compare Sanskrit वन (vana, timber, tree, forest), apparently with metathesis of v and n), from which the meaning would change in two ways: on the one hand, “timber, tree” > “dug-out tree” > “boat, ship”, and, on the other hand, “timber, tree” > “tree stump, dead tree” > “dead body; death.”

Cognates include Lithuanian nõvis (death), nõvė (slaughtering, killing; unknown disease; yoke; coercion), Old Prussian nowis (body, flesh), Russian dialectal навей (navej), навь (navʹ), навье (navʹje, corpse, dead body), Czech archaic nav (tomb, hell, beyond), Gothic 𐌽𐌰𐌿𐍃 (naus, dead body, corpse), genitive 𐌽𐌰𐍅𐌹𐍃 (nawis), Breton naoun (hunger) (< Proto-Celtic *nāunyā).[1]


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nāve f (5th declension)

  1. death (the end of life, of a lifetime)
    dzīvības un nāves jautājumsa question of life and death
    atra, drīza nāveearly death
    viegla nāveeasy death
    mokpilna nāvetorturous death
    dabiska, pēkšņa nāvenatural, sudden death
    klīniska nāveclinical death
    bada nāvehunger death (= starvation)
    nāves diena, brīdisday, time of death
    sodīt ar nāvito punish with death
    piespriest nāvito sentence to death
    nāves sods, nāvessods — death penalty
    izglābties no (drošas) nāvesto escape (certain) death
    mirt varoņa nāveto die a hero's death
    mirt traģiskā nāvēto die a tragic death
    līdz nāveito the death, till death
    dzīvības un nāves dialektiskā vienībathe dialectical unity of life and death
    galvenie nāves cēloņi ir asinsrites orgānu slimības, ļaundabīgie audzēji un nelaimes gadījumithe main causes of death are circulatory system diseases, cancers and accidents


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992) “nāve”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN


Alternative forms[edit]


nāve f

  1. vocative singular of nāvā (boat)