nerātns

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ne- +‎ rātns (obedient, well-behaved).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

nerātns (def. nerātnais, comp. nerātnāks, sup. visnerātnākais; adv. nerātni)

  1. (of people, especially children) naughty, mischievous, playful (who misbehaves, does not obey; who jokes, plays pranks; who is constantly moving, making noise)
    nerātni bērni‎ ― naughty, mischievous children
    gribas atkal kā zēnam man skriet; gribas draiskuļot, nerātnam būt...‎ ― the desire (to be) again like a boy is coming (lit. running) to me; the desire to play pranks, to be naughty...
    garais vīrs stāv jau pie mātes un stāsta: māza meitene bijusi nerātna, nerātna; neviens nav vārejis to savaldīt, nevienam tā nav klausījusi‎ ― the tall man is already next to the mother and tells: the little girl was naughty, naughty; nobody managed to control her, she didn't obey anyone
  2. (of people, their behavior, attitudes) reckless, daring, bold
    Blaumanis nāca ar saviem nerātnajiem draugiem‎ ― Blaumanis came with his prankster friends
    viņa zilajās acīs uz mirkli iemirdzējās nerātnas liesmiņas‎ ― in his blue eyes mischievous little flames lit up for a moment
    Matilde atkal iesita kādam puisim pa nerātnajiem pirkstiem, kas mēģināja iekniebt viņai mīkstajos sānos‎ ― Matilde again hit some young man on (his) naughty fingers, who were trying to pinch her on (her) soft side
  3. naughty, obscene (suggesting sexual thoughts, practices)
    nerātnas anekdotes, dziesmas‎ ― naughty, obscene jokes, songs
    kā zināms no nerātnajām dainām, senlatviešu puišiem bijusi paraža pa vakariem iet meitās‎ ― as is known from naughty folk songs, the ancient Latvian young men had the custom of going to the girls at night
    nekur, nekur pasaulē neiet tā kā Parupē-Rucavā iet: tur dzied tik nerātnas dziesmas, ka jābāž ausis ciet‎ ― nowhere, nowhere on earth is it as in Parupe-Rucava: there they sing such naughty songs, that one has to shove (one's fingers) tight into (one's) ears

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