nyala

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English[edit]

Male and female nyalas

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Tsonga nyala. The alternative form is from Zulu inyala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nyala (plural nyalas)

  1. A southern African antelope, Tragelaphus angasii (syn. Nyala angasii), with thin white stripes in the grey or brown coat, a ridge of tufted hair running all along the spine, and long horns with a spiral twist.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Noun[edit]

nyala

  1. flame

Derived terms[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-nyala

  1. to lick

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukunyala
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukunyala ukunganyali
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular nyala -nyale
Plural nyalani -nyaleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyanyala, nginyala enginyalayo, enginyala nginyala anginyali enginganyali nginganyali
2nd singular uyanyala, unyala onyalayo, onyala unyala awunyali onganyali unganyali
1st plural siyanyala, sinyala esinyalayo, esinyala sinyala asinyali esinganyali singanyali
2nd plural niyanyala, ninyala eninyalayo, eninyala ninyala aninyali eninganyali ninganyali
Class 1 uyanyala, unyala onyalayo, onyala enyala akanyali onganyali enganyali
Class 2 bayanyala, banyala abanyalayo, abanyala benyala abanyali abanganyali benganyali
Class 3 uyanyala, unyala onyalayo, onyala unyala awunyali onganyali unganyali
Class 4 iyanyala, inyala enyalayo, enyala inyala ayinyali enganyali inganyali
Class 5 liyanyala, linyala elinyalayo, elinyala linyala alinyali elinganyali linganyali
Class 6 ayanyala, anyala anyalayo, anyala enyala awanyali anganyali enganyali
Class 7 siyanyala, sinyala esinyalayo, esinyala sinyala asinyali esinganyali singanyali
Class 8 ziyanyala, zinyala ezinyalayo, ezinyala zinyala azinyali ezinganyali zinganyali
Class 9 iyanyala, inyala enyalayo, enyala inyala ayinyali enganyali inganyali
Class 10 ziyanyala, zinyala ezinyalayo, ezinyala zinyala azinyali ezinganyali zinganyali
Class 11 luyanyala, lunyala olunyalayo, olunyala lunyala alunyali olunganyali lunganyali
Class 14 buyanyala, bunyala obunyalayo, obunyala bunyala abunyali obunganyali bunganyali
Class 15 kuyanyala, kunyala okunyalayo, okunyala kunyala akunyali okunganyali kunganyali
Class 17 kuyanyala, kunyala okunyalayo, okunyala kunyala akunyali okunganyali kunganyali
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginyalile, nginyalē enginyalile, enginyalē nginyalile, nginyalē anginyalanga enginganyalanga nginganyalanga
2nd singular unyalile, unyalē onyalile, onyalē unyalile, unyalē awunyalanga onganyalanga unganyalanga
1st plural sinyalile, sinyalē esinyalile, esinyalē sinyalile, sinyalē asinyalanga esinganyalanga singanyalanga
2nd plural ninyalile, ninyalē eninyalile, eninyalē ninyalile, ninyalē aninyalanga eninganyalanga ninganyalanga
Class 1 unyalile, unyalē onyalile, onyalē enyalile, enyalē akanyalanga onganyalanga enganyalanga
Class 2 banyalile, banyalē abanyalile, abanyalē benyalile, benyalē abanyalanga abanganyalanga benganyalanga
Class 3 unyalile, unyalē onyalile, onyalē unyalile, unyalē awunyalanga onganyalanga unganyalanga
Class 4 inyalile, inyalē enyalile, enyalē inyalile, inyalē ayinyalanga enganyalanga inganyalanga
Class 5 linyalile, linyalē elinyalile, elinyalē linyalile, linyalē alinyalanga elinganyalanga linganyalanga
Class 6 anyalile, anyalē anyalile, anyalē enyalile, enyalē awanyalanga anganyalanga enganyalanga
Class 7 sinyalile, sinyalē esinyalile, esinyalē sinyalile, sinyalē asinyalanga esinganyalanga singanyalanga
Class 8 zinyalile, zinyalē ezinyalile, ezinyalē zinyalile, zinyalē azinyalanga ezinganyalanga zinganyalanga
Class 9 inyalile, inyalē enyalile, enyalē inyalile, inyalē ayinyalanga enganyalanga inganyalanga
Class 10 zinyalile, zinyalē ezinyalile, ezinyalē zinyalile, zinyalē azinyalanga ezinganyalanga zinganyalanga
Class 11 lunyalile, lunyalē olunyalile, olunyalē lunyalile, lunyalē alunyalanga olunganyalanga lunganyalanga
Class 14 bunyalile, bunyalē obunyalile, obunyalē bunyalile, bunyalē abunyalanga obunganyalanga bunganyalanga
Class 15 kunyalile, kunyalē okunyalile, okunyalē kunyalile, kunyalē akunyalanga okunganyalanga kunganyalanga
Class 17 kunyalile, kunyalē okunyalile, okunyalē kunyalile, kunyalē akunyalanga okunganyalanga kunganyalanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngānyala engānyala ngānyala anginyalanga enginganyalanga nginganyalanga
2nd singular wānyala owānyala wānyala awunyalanga onganyalanga unganyalanga
1st plural sānyala esānyala sānyala asinyalanga esinganyalanga singanyalanga
2nd plural nānyala enānyala nānyala aninyalanga eninganyalanga ninganyalanga
Class 1 wānyala owānyala ānyala akanyalanga onganyalanga enganyalanga
Class 2 bānyala abānyala bānyala abanyalanga abanganyalanga benganyalanga
Class 3 wānyala owānyala wānyala awunyalanga onganyalanga unganyalanga
Class 4 yānyala eyānyala yānyala ayinyalanga enganyalanga inganyalanga
Class 5 lānyala elānyala lānyala alinyalanga elinganyalanga linganyalanga
Class 6 ānyala ānyala ānyala awanyalanga anganyalanga enganyalanga
Class 7 sānyala esānyala sānyala asinyalanga esinganyalanga singanyalanga
Class 8 zānyala ezānyala zānyala azinyalanga ezinganyalanga zinganyalanga
Class 9 yānyala eyānyala yānyala ayinyalanga enganyalanga inganyalanga
Class 10 zānyala ezānyala zānyala azinyalanga ezinganyalanga zinganyalanga
Class 11 lwānyala olwānyala lwānyala alunyalanga olunganyalanga lunganyalanga
Class 14 bānyala obānyala bānyala abunyalanga obunganyalanga bunganyalanga
Class 15 kwānyala okwānyala kwānyala akunyalanga okunganyalanga kunganyalanga
Class 17 kwānyala okwānyala kwānyala akunyalanga okunganyalanga kunganyalanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular nginganyala nginganyala ngingenyale ngingenyale
2nd singular unganyala unganyala ungenyale ungenyale
1st plural singanyala singanyala singenyale singenyale
2nd plural ninganyala ninganyala ningenyale ningenyale
Class 1 anganyala enganyala angenyale engenyale
Class 2 banganyala benganyala bangenyale bengenyale
Class 3 unganyala unganyala ungenyale ungenyale
Class 4 inganyala inganyala ingenyale ingenyale
Class 5 linganyala linganyala lingenyale lingenyale
Class 6 anganyala enganyala angenyale engenyale
Class 7 singanyala singanyala singenyale singenyale
Class 8 zinganyala zinganyala zingenyale zingenyale
Class 9 inganyala inganyala ingenyale ingenyale
Class 10 zinganyala zinganyala zingenyale zingenyale
Class 11 lunganyala lunganyala lungenyale lungenyale
Class 14 bunganyala bunganyala bungenyale bungenyale
Class 15 kunganyala kunganyala kungenyale kungenyale
Class 17 kunganyala kunganyala kungenyale kungenyale
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizonyala engizonyala ngizonyala angizunyala engingezunyala ngingezunyala
2nd singular uzonyala ozonyala uzonyala awuzunyala ongezunyala ungezunyala
1st plural sizonyala esizonyala sizonyala asizunyala esingezunyala singezunyala
2nd plural nizonyala enizonyala nizonyala anizunyala eningezunyala ningezunyala
Class 1 uzonyala ozonyala ezonyala akazunyala ongezunyala engezunyala
Class 2 bazonyala abazonyala bezonyala abazunyala abangezunyala bengezunyala
Class 3 uzonyala ozonyala uzonyala awuzunyala ongezunyala ungezunyala
Class 4 izonyala ezonyala izonyala ayizunyala engezunyala ingezunyala
Class 5 lizonyala elizonyala lizonyala alizunyala elingezunyala lingezunyala
Class 6 azonyala azonyala ezonyala awazunyala angezunyala engezunyala
Class 7 sizonyala esizonyala sizonyala asizunyala esingezunyala singezunyala
Class 8 zizonyala ezizonyala zizonyala azizunyala ezingezunyala zingezunyala
Class 9 izonyala ezonyala izonyala ayizunyala engezunyala ingezunyala
Class 10 zizonyala ezizonyala zizonyala azizunyala ezingezunyala zingezunyala
Class 11 luzonyala oluzonyala luzonyala aluzunyala olungezunyala lungezunyala
Class 14 buzonyala obuzonyala buzonyala abuzunyala obungezunyala bungezunyala
Class 15 kuzonyala okuzonyala kuzonyala akuzunyala okungezunyala kungezunyala
Class 17 kuzonyala okuzonyala kuzonyala akuzunyala okungezunyala kungezunyala
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyonyala engiyonyala ngiyonyala angiyunyala engingeyunyala ngingeyunyala
2nd singular uyonyala oyonyala uyonyala awuyunyala ongeyunyala ungeyunyala
1st plural siyonyala esiyonyala siyonyala asiyunyala esingeyunyala singeyunyala
2nd plural niyonyala eniyonyala niyonyala aniyunyala eningeyunyala ningeyunyala
Class 1 uyonyala oyonyala eyonyala akayunyala ongeyunyala engeyunyala
Class 2 bayonyala abayonyala beyonyala abayunyala abangeyunyala bengeyunyala
Class 3 uyonyala oyonyala uyonyala awuyunyala ongeyunyala ungeyunyala
Class 4 iyonyala eyonyala iyonyala ayiyunyala engeyunyala ingeyunyala
Class 5 liyonyala eliyonyala liyonyala aliyunyala elingeyunyala lingeyunyala
Class 6 ayonyala ayonyala eyonyala awayunyala angeyunyala engeyunyala
Class 7 siyonyala esiyonyala siyonyala asiyunyala esingeyunyala singeyunyala
Class 8 ziyonyala eziyonyala ziyonyala aziyunyala ezingeyunyala zingeyunyala
Class 9 iyonyala eyonyala iyonyala ayiyunyala engeyunyala ingeyunyala
Class 10 ziyonyala eziyonyala ziyonyala aziyunyala ezingeyunyala zingeyunyala
Class 11 luyonyala oluyonyala luyonyala aluyunyala olungeyunyala lungeyunyala
Class 14 buyonyala obuyonyala buyonyala abuyunyala obungeyunyala bungeyunyala
Class 15 kuyonyala okuyonyala kuyonyala akuyunyala okungeyunyala kungeyunyala
Class 17 kuyonyala okuyonyala kuyonyala akuyunyala okungeyunyala kungeyunyala
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nginyale nginganyali
2nd singular unyale unganyali
1st plural sinyale singanyali
2nd plural ninyale ninganyali
Class 1 anyale anganyali
Class 2 banyale banganyali
Class 3 unyale unganyali
Class 4 inyale inganyali
Class 5 linyale linganyali
Class 6 anyale anganyali
Class 7 sinyale singanyali
Class 8 zinyale zinganyali
Class 9 inyale inganyali
Class 10 zinyale zinganyali
Class 11 lunyale lunganyali
Class 14 bunyale bunganyali
Class 15 kunyale kunganyali
Class 17 kunyale kunganyali
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular nganyala nganganyala, anganyala, anganganyala
2nd singular wanyala wanganyala, awanyala, awanganyala
1st plural sanyala sanganyala, asanyala, asanganyala
2nd plural nanyala nanganyala, ananyala, ananganyala
Class 1 wanyala wanganyala, akanyala, akanganyala
Class 2 banyala banganyala, abanyala, abanganyala
Class 3 wanyala wanganyala, awanyala, awanganyala
Class 4 yanyala yanganyala, ayanyala, ayanganyala
Class 5 lanyala langanyala, alanyala, alanganyala
Class 6 anyala anganyala, awanyala, awanganyala
Class 7 sanyala sanganyala, asanyala, asanganyala
Class 8 zanyala zanganyala, azanyala, azanganyala
Class 9 yanyala yanganyala, ayanyala, ayanganyala
Class 10 zanyala zanganyala, azanyala, azanganyala
Class 11 lwanyala lwanganyala, alwanyala, alwanganyala
Class 14 banyala banganyala, abanyala, abanganyala
Class 15 kwanyala kwanganyala, akwanyala, akwanganyala
Class 17 kwanyala kwanganyala, akwanyala, akwanganyala

References[edit]