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obstringō (present infinitive obstringere, perfect active obstrinxī, supine obstrictum); third conjugation

  1. I bind (by an oath)
  2. I oblige
  3. I bind, tie or fetter


   Conjugation of obstringo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstringō obstringis obstringit obstringimus obstringitis obstringunt
imperfect obstringēbam obstringēbās obstringēbat obstringēbāmus obstringēbātis obstringēbant
future obstringam obstringēs obstringet obstringēmus obstringētis obstringent
perfect obstrinxī obstrinxistī obstrinxit obstrinximus obstrinxistis obstrinxērunt, obstrinxēre
pluperfect obstrinxeram obstrinxerās obstrinxerat obstrinxerāmus obstrinxerātis obstrinxerant
future perfect obstrinxerō obstrinxeris obstrinxerit obstrinxerimus obstrinxeritis obstrinxerint
passive present obstringor obstringeris, obstringere obstringitur obstringimur obstringiminī obstringuntur
imperfect obstringēbar obstringēbāris, obstringēbāre obstringēbātur obstringēbāmur obstringēbāminī obstringēbantur
future obstringar obstringēris, obstringēre obstringētur obstringēmur obstringēminī obstringentur
perfect obstrictus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect obstrictus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect obstrictus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstringam obstringās obstringat obstringāmus obstringātis obstringant
imperfect obstringerem obstringerēs obstringeret obstringerēmus obstringerētis obstringerent
perfect obstrinxerim obstrinxerīs obstrinxerit obstrinxerīmus obstrinxerītis obstrinxerint
pluperfect obstrinxissem obstrinxissēs obstrinxisset obstrinxissēmus obstrinxissētis obstrinxissent
passive present obstringar obstringāris, obstringāre obstringātur obstringāmur obstringāminī obstringantur
imperfect obstringerer obstringerēris, obstringerēre obstringerētur obstringerēmur obstringerēminī obstringerentur
perfect obstrictus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect obstrictus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present obstringe obstringite
future obstringitō obstringitō obstringitōte obstringuntō
passive present obstringere obstringiminī
future obstringitor obstringitor obstringuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives obstringere obstrinxisse obstrictūrus esse obstringī obstrictus esse obstrictum īrī
participles obstringēns obstrictūrus obstrictus obstringendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
obstringere obstringendī obstringendō obstringendum obstrictum obstrictū


  • obstringo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • obstringo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • obstringo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lay any one under an obligation by kind treatment: beneficiis aliquem obstringere, obligare, devincire
    • to commit a crime and so make oneself liable to the consequences of it: scelere se devincire, se obstringere, astringi
    • to promise an oath to..: iureiurando ac fide se obstringere, ut