pļaut

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *pjaut (for another example of *pj > pļ, see spļaut, from Proto-Baltic *pyau-, *pyū- (with the infinitive suffix -ti), from Proto-Indo-European *pēu-, *pyu-, *pū- (to hit; to cut). Cognates include Lithuanian pjauti (“to cut,” dialectally “to mow, to bite, to torment”), Old Prussian placename Gertepeawne [gertopiaun-], from gerto (chicken), i.e. “chicken meadow”, piuclan (sickle), Sudovian piaud (to cut), Ancient Greek παίω (paíō, I hit, strike), dialectal παυίω (pauíō), Latin paviō (I hit, strike).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

pļaut tr., 1st conj., pres. pļauju, pļauj, pļauj, past pļāvu

  1. to mow, to reap (to cut, with a scythe or sickle, the parts above-ground part of grass, cereals, etc.)
    pļaut zāli, sienu, kviešusto mow grass, hay, wheat
    pļaut kartupeļu lakstusto mow potato tops
    rudzus sāka pļaut tuvākajā laukāthey began reaping rye in the nearby field
    pļaujošs lidojumsmowing flight (very low flight, 10-100 meters from the ground)
    viņš pļāva sparīgi... pirmie sviedri izsitās uz piereshe reaped vigorously... the first sweat appeared on his forehead
    nu tā pļava ir nost un pļautathis meadow is now completely mown
  2. (figuratively) to shoot intensively, repeatedly
    mūsu lielgabali atklāj pļaujošu uguni pa visu kolonnuour guns opened intensive (lit. mowing, reaping) fire on the entire (military) column
    ložmetējs pie mājas stūra atsācis šaut, tam pievienojās vēl otrs, vēl pāris rokas ložmetēju, un visi kopā tie pļāva tā, ka vācieši vairs neuzdrīkstējās ne galvu paceltthe machine gun at the corner of the building started shooting, a second one joined it, then a few more machine guns, all together they mowed, reaped in such a way that the Germans no longer even dared raise their heads

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “pļaut”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN