pentacle

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English[edit]

The "first pentacle of the moon": The only one of the 44 pentacles in The Key of Solomon that is not disk-shaped.
a modern wiccan pentacle pendant (definition #3)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French pentacle, from Old French pentacol, from pent (hangs), a (from), and col (neck), thus "hangs from neck".

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: pen‧ta‧cle
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɛnt.ə.kl̩/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

pentacle (plural pentacles)

  1. A flat talisman, almost always disk-shaped, made of parchment, sheet metal, or other substance, marked with a magic symbol or symbols, used in magical evocation.
    • mid- to late-16th century, British Library Additional manuscript 36674[1], London:
      ouer this pott and the cyrcle hold the pentacles, and perfume them; and say deuoutly theis psalmes followynge
    • 1572, The Clavicle of Solomon, revealed by Ptolomy the Grecian [British Library Sloane MS 3847][2], London:
      of the same pentacles be certayne exorcizmes and names ineffable and carecters and signes of all the science, therefore, in them the whole science of all this art lyeth hydd
    • 1572, The Clavicle of Solomon, revealed by Ptolomy the Grecian [British Library Sloane MS 3847][3], London:
      if ye constraine any spirit to come before you and when ye haue shewed him ye secret pentacles, there is none dare say against your minde
  2. (Wicca) A pentagram, or a disk with a pentagram on it, especially one that is used for magical or mystical purposes.
    • 1949, Gardner, Gerald, chapter 10, in High Magic's Aid, page 92:
      he drew a pentacle or five-pointed star.
    • 1954, Gardner, Gerald, chapter 12, in Witchcraft Today:
      a five-pointed star (pentacle).
    • 1959, Gardner, Gerald, chapter 8, in The Meaning of Witchcraft, page 122:
      the figure of the pentacle, or pentagram.
  3. (Wicca) A circumscribed pentagram.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Meronyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

pentacle m (plural pentacles)

  1. pentacle

Further reading[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested at least as early as 1547, from Old French pentacol.

Noun[edit]

The magician's Pentacle as depicted in a 1547 French edition of the grimoire Heptameron, spuriously attributed to Peter de Abano.

pentacle m (plural pentacles)

  1. pentacle (a talisman of parchment, sheet metal, or other substance, marked with a magic symbol or symbols, used in magical evocation)
    • 1547, Les Œuvres Magiques de Henri-Corneille Agrippa, Par Pierre d'Aban, Latin et Français, Avec des Secrets occultes[4], "Heptameron" p. 13:
      Il faut de plus, avoir les parfums propres au jour que l'on fait l'opération; il faut auſſi a voir de l'eau benite par un Prêtre, un vaſe de terre neuf, plein de feu, l'Habit & le Pentacle, comme nous l'avons dit
      It is also required, to have the incenses proper to the days that one did the operation; it is also necessary to see the water blessed by a Priest, a new earthen vessel, full of fire, the Garment and the Pentacle, as we have said
    • 1547, Les Œuvres Magiques de Henri-Corneille Agrippa, Par Pierre d'Aban, Latin et Français, Avec des Secrets occultes[5], "Heptameron" p. 14:
      Le Maître qui ſe ſera diſpoſé à la cérémonie par trois jours de jeûne & d'abſtinence & de toutes ſouillures, revêtu de ſes Habits blancs, avec le Pentacle, les Parfums & autres choſes néceſſaires entrera dans le Cercle
      The Master who will be prepared for the ceremony by three days of fasting and abstinence and [cleansed] of all dirt, dressed in his white Garments, with the Pentacle, the Perfumes and other necessary things shall enter the Circle