perestroika

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian перестро́йка (perestrójka, restructuring).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /pɛɹ.ɪˈstɹɔi.kə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

perestroika (countable and uncountable, plural perestroikas)

  1. (historical, uncountable) A program of political and economic reform carried out in the Soviet Union in the 1980s and early 1990s under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev.
    • 2004: Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
      Gorbachev would introduce glasnost (openness and freedom) and perestroika (economic restructuring) to Russia under his tenure, ultimately freeing thousands of political prisoners and dissidents and trying to address the shortages in food and goods that had become the hallmarks of the failing Soviet economy.
  2. (historical, uncountable) The period of time in the Soviet Union during which these reforms were carried out and in effect.
  3. (countable, singularity theory) A situation where a small variation of parameters leads to a sudden change in properties.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian перестро́йка (perestrójka).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈperestroi̯kɑ/, [ˈpe̞re̞s̠t̪ˌro̞i̯kɑ]
  • Rhymes: -oikɑ
  • Syllabification: pe‧rest‧roi‧ka

Noun[edit]

perestroika

  1. (historical) perestroika

Declension[edit]

Inflection of perestroika (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative perestroika perestroikat
genitive perestroikan perestroikien
partitive perestroikaa perestroikia
illative perestroikaan perestroikiin
singular plural
nominative perestroika perestroikat
accusative nom. perestroika perestroikat
gen. perestroikan
genitive perestroikan perestroikien
perestroikainrare
partitive perestroikaa perestroikia
inessive perestroikassa perestroikissa
elative perestroikasta perestroikista
illative perestroikaan perestroikiin
adessive perestroikalla perestroikilla
ablative perestroikalta perestroikilta
allative perestroikalle perestroikille
essive perestroikana perestroikina
translative perestroikaksi perestroikiksi
instructive perestroikin
abessive perestroikatta perestroikitta
comitative perestroikineen
Possessive forms of perestroika (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person perestroikani perestroikamme
2nd person perestroikasi perestroikanne
3rd person perestroikansa

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

perestroika f (plural perestroikas)

  1. perestroika (reform in the Soviet Union in 1980s)