perla

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Perla, pèrla, perlă, perła, and perłą

Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

perla f (plural perles)

  1. pearl (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown, probably based on Vulgar Latin *pernula, diminutive of Latin perna, a kind of oyster. Cognate with Italian perla, French perle and Spanish perla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f (plural perles)

  1. pearl
  2. (heraldry) pall

Chavacano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish perla.

Noun[edit]

perla

  1. pearl

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f

  1. pearl (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • perla in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • perla in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin perla.

Noun[edit]

perla f (genitive singular perlu, plural perlur)

  1. pearl (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks)

Declension[edit]

Declension of perla
f1 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative perla perlan perlur perlurnar
accusative perlu perluna perlur perlurnar
dative perlu perluni perlum perlunum
genitive perlu perlunnar perla perlanna

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

perla

  1. third-person singular past historic of perler

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse perla, a borrowing from Middle Low German perle, from Old Saxon perula, from Medieval Latin perla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f (genitive singular perlu, nominative plural perlur)

  1. pearl

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

perla (plural perlas)

  1. pearl

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of uncertain etymology. See pearl.

Noun[edit]

perla f (plural perle)

  1. pearl (also figuratively)
  2. pill
  3. mistake

Adjective[edit]

perla (invariable)

  1. (relational) pearl

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French perle, the name given by Jean Jannon to the type used in his miniature editions of Vergil, Horace, & the New Testament in the 1620s, which were the smallest printed works to his time.

Noun[edit]

perla f (invariable)

  1. (printing, dated) a small size of type, standardized as 4 point

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f (genitive perlae); first declension

  1. Alternative spelling of perula
    • 1272, an unknown source in The Natural History of Precious Stones and of the Precious Metals (1867), viii, page 269:
      Una Perla ad modum camahuti.
      A pearl in the manner of a cameo.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative perla perlae
Genitive perlae perlārum
Dative perlae perlīs
Accusative perlam perlās
Ablative perlā perlīs
Vocative perla perlae

References[edit]

  • Jan Frederik Niermeyer, Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus : Lexique Latin Médiéval–Français/Anglais : A Medieval Latin–French/English Dictionary, fascicle I (1976), page 789/1, “perla”

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla m or f

  1. definite feminine singular of perle

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f

  1. definite singular of perle

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f (plural perlas)

  1. (heraldry) pall

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French perler.

Verb[edit]

a perla (third-person singular present perlează, past participle perlat1st conj.

  1. to bead

Conjugation[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Perle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pêːrla/
  • Hyphenation: per‧la

Noun[edit]

pȇrla f (Cyrillic spelling пе̑рла)

  1. pearl
  2. bead

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin perla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

perla f (genitive singular perly, nominative plural perly, genitive plural perál, periel, declension pattern of žena)

  1. pearl (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • perla in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾla/, [ˈpeɾ.la]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown, but cognate with Italian perla, French perle and Portuguese pérola. See pearl. The usual Latin word for a pearl was margarīta.

Noun[edit]

perla f (plural perlas)

  1. pearl
  2. bead
  3. (heraldry) pall
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French perle, the name given by Jean Jannon to the type used in his miniature editions of Vergil, Horace, & the New Testament in the 1620s, which were the smallest printed works to his time.

Noun[edit]

perla f (uncountable)

  1. (printing, dated) a small size of type, standardized as 4 or 5 point
    Synonym: parisienne

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

perla

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of perlar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of perlar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of perlar.

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]