lepra

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See also: Lepra

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lepra (psoriasis & similar skin diseases), from Koine Greek λέπρα (lépra, psoriasis & similar skin diseases), from λεπρός (leprós, scaly), from either λεπίς (lepís, scale) or λέπος (lépos, husk, scale) + -ρος (-ros, forming adjectives). The shift of sense from psoriasis to Hansen's disease occurred in large part from the use of λέπρα (lépra) to translate Hebrew צרעת(tzaraath) in the Septuagint and its subsequent use in the New Testament and Late Latin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra (uncountable)

  1. (medicine, archaic) Synonym of leprosy.
    • 1914, Henry Weightman Stelwagon, Treatise on Diseases of the Skin, 7th ed., p. 914:
      Lepra is an endemic, chronic, malignant, constitutional disease, due to a specific bacillus.
  2. (medicine, obsolete) Synonym of psoriasis.
    • 1864, William Tilbury Fox, Skin Diseases, p. 43:
      Lepra and psoriasis are identical, though the two names are retained.
  3. (botany, rare, obsolete) Any layer of algae, lichens, or other substance producing a leprosylike appearance on the surfaces of plants.
    • 1805, translation of Karl Ludwig Willdenow as The Principles of Botany and of Vegetable Physiology, p. 344:
      Lepra is frequently met with on the trunks, especially of young trees.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lepra.

Noun[edit]

lepra f (uncountable)

  1. leprosy
    Synonym: llebrosia

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Corsican[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra f (plural lepre)

  1. Alternative form of levra

References[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛpra]
  • Rhymes: -pra
  • Hyphenation: le‧p‧ra

Noun[edit]

lepra f

  1. leprosy

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: le‧pra

Noun[edit]

lepra m (uncountable)

  1. leprosy

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Caribbean Javanese: léprah

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra

  1. (medicine) leprosy

Declension[edit]

Inflection of lepra (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lepra
genitive lepran
partitive lepraa
illative lepraan
singular plural
nominative lepra
accusative nom. lepra
gen. lepran
genitive lepran
partitive lepraa
inessive leprassa
elative leprasta
illative lepraan
adessive lepralla
ablative lepralta
allative lepralle
essive leprana
translative lepraksi
instructive
abessive lepratta
comitative
Possessive forms of lepra (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person leprani lepramme
2nd person leprasi lepranne
3rd person lepransa

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin lepra, from Ancient Greek λέπρα (lépra, leprosy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛprɒ]
  • Hyphenation: lep‧ra
  • Rhymes: -rɒ

Adjective[edit]

lepra (comparative leprább, superlative legleprább)

  1. (slang) stinking (very bad)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lepra leprák
accusative leprát leprákat
dative leprának lepráknak
instrumental leprával leprákkal
causal-final lepráért leprákért
translative leprává leprákká
terminative lepráig leprákig
essive-formal lepraként leprákként
essive-modal
inessive leprában leprákban
superessive leprán leprákon
adessive lepránál lepráknál
illative leprába leprákba
sublative leprára leprákra
allative leprához leprákhoz
elative leprából leprákból
delative lepráról leprákról
ablative leprától lepráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lepráé lepráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lepráéi leprákéi

Noun[edit]

lepra (plural leprák)

  1. leprosy (infectious disease caused by infection by Mycobacterium leprae)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lepra leprák
accusative leprát leprákat
dative leprának lepráknak
instrumental leprával leprákkal
causal-final lepráért leprákért
translative leprává leprákká
terminative lepráig leprákig
essive-formal lepraként leprákként
essive-modal
inessive leprában leprákban
superessive leprán leprákon
adessive lepránál lepráknál
illative leprába leprákba
sublative leprára leprákra
allative leprához leprákhoz
elative leprából leprákból
delative lepráról leprákról
ablative leprától lepráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lepráé lepráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lepráéi leprákéi
Possessive forms of lepra
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. leprám lepráim
2nd person sing. leprád lepráid
3rd person sing. leprája leprái
1st person plural lepránk lepráink
2nd person plural leprátok lepráitok
3rd person plural leprájuk lepráik

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch lepra, ultimately from Ancient Greek λέπρα (lépra, leprosy).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lɛpra/
  • Hyphenation: lep‧ra

Noun[edit]

lepra (first-person possessive lepraku, second-person possessive lepramu, third-person possessive lepranya)

  1. leprosy
    Synonyms: abras, kusta, taiko

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra f (plural lepre)

  1. (archaic) Alternative spelling of lebbra

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Koine Greek λέπρα (lépra, psoriasis & similar skin diseases).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra f (genitive leprae); first declension

  1. psoriasis, similar skin disorders
  2. (Late Latin) leprosy

Usage notes[edit]

This word is usually plural in Classical Latin, but primarily used in the singular in Late Latin.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lepra leprae
Genitive leprae leprārum
Dative leprae leprīs
Accusative lepram leprās
Ablative leprā leprīs
Vocative lepra leprae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • lepra”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lepra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra f

  1. leprosy

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • lepra in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lepra in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lepra (leprosy), from Ancient Greek λέπρα (lépra, leprosy), from λεπίς (lepís, scale), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lepra f (uncountable)

  1. leprosy (infectious disease caused by infection by Mycobacterium leprae)
    Synonyms: mal de Hansen, morfeia, hanseniase

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lepra, from Ancient Greek λέπρα (lépra), from λεπίς (lepís, scale).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlepɾa/, [ˈle.pɾa]

Noun[edit]

lepra f (uncountable)

  1. leprosy

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]