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From Old French seisir (whence English seize), from Medieval Latin saciō, sacīre (lay claim to, take seisin), from Frankish *sakjan (to sue, litigate; accuse).[1][2] Compare Old English sacian (to strive, brawl), Faroese saka (to hurt; accuse).




  1. to take hold of; to grab
  2. to seize, to take (an illegal product), to capture
  3. to grasp mentally; understand
  4. (computing) to capture (screen or data)
  5. (computing) To type (something) into a computer; to input.
  6. (accounting) To record (something) in an account, ledger, etc.
  7. (law) To vest a court with a case; to refer a matter to a court.


This is a regular verb of the second conjugation, like finir, choisir, and most other verbs with infinitives ending in -ir. One salient feature of this conjugation is the repeated appearance of the infix -iss-.


  1. ^ C. T. Onions, ed., Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, s.v. “seize” (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966), 807.
  2. ^ Robert K. Barnhart & Sol Steinmetz, eds., Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology, s.v. “seize” (Bronx, NY: H. W. Wilson, 1988), 980.