spiculum

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīculum (a little sharp point), from spīcum, alternative form of spīca (point, spike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spiculum (plural spicula)

  1. A thrusting javelin used by Romans that replaced the pilum in the late 3rd century.
  2. A sharp, pointed crystal, especially of ice.
  3. (zoology) A sharp, needle-like structure, especially those making up the skeleton of a sponge.
  4. (astronomy) A small radial emission of gas seen in the chromosphere and corona of the sun.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (sharp, pointed crystal): spicula
  • (sharp, needle-like strucutre): spicule
  • (small radial emission of gas): spicule

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Diminutive of spīcum, alternative form of spīca (point, spike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīculum n (genitive spīculī); second declension

  1. little sharp point or sting
  2. dart, arrow

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīculum spīcula
Genitive spīculī spīculōrum
Dative spīculō spīculīs
Accusative spīculum spīcula
Ablative spīculō spīculīs
Vocative spīculum spīcula

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: spigolo (borrowing), spicchio
  • Portuguese: espicho, espículo (borrowing)
  • Spanish: espliego

References[edit]