spiculum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīculum (a little, sharp point), from spīcum, alternative form of spīca (point, spike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spiculum (plural spicula)

  1. A thrusting javelin used by Romans that replaced the pilum in the late 3rd century.
  2. A sharp, pointed crystal, especially of ice.
  3. (zoology) A sharp, needle-like structure, especially those making up the skeleton of a sponge.
  4. (astronomy) A small radial emission of gas seen in the chromosphere and corona of the sun.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (sharp, pointed crystal): spicula
  • (sharp, needle-like strucutre): spicule
  • (small radial emission of gas): spicule

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Diminutive of spīcum, alternative form of spīca (point, spike).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīculum n (genitive spīculī); second declension

  1. little sharp point or sting
  2. dart, arrow

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative spīculum spīcula
genitive spīculī spīculōrum
dative spīculō spīculīs
accusative spīculum spīcula
ablative spīculō spīculīs
vocative spīculum spīcula

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • spiculum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiculum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiculum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • spiculum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin