spilgts

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the past participle of an old (still dialectally attested) verb spilgt(to shine), from Proto-Baltic *spelg-, *spilg-, *spulg- (whence also spulgs), from Proto-Indo-European *pel-, *spel-, *spʰel-(to shine) with an extra g. Cognates include Low German flink(bright, shining; fast) (cf. German flink(quick, nimble)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

spilgts (def. spilgtais, comp. spilgtāks, sup. visspilgtākais; adv. spilgti)

  1. (of light, light sources) bright (very strong; which emits strong light)
    spilgta gaisma‎ ― bright light
    spilgta uguns, liesma‎ ― bright fire, flame
    spilgts zibens‎ ― bright lightning
    spilgta saule‎ ― bright sun
    lielās dzīvsudraba spuldzes ir tik spilgtas, ka kož acīs‎ ― the big mercury lamps are so bright that they hurt (lit. bite in) the eyes
  2. (of colors) bright, vivid
    spilgts krāsas tonis‎ ― bright color shade
    spilgti sarkans‎ ― bright red
  3. (of other objects) bright, shiny (which reflects light strongly)
    spilgts audums‎ ― bright, shiny fabric
    puisis apstājas pie apaļās cīniju dobes un vēro spilgtos ziedus‎ ― the young man stopped by the round zinnia beds and watched the bright, shiny flowers
    varde tupēja man uz plaukstas: mikla, vēsa un tik neparasti spilgta, it kā glumo ādu būtu apgleznojusi ekspresionista ota‎ ― the frog sat on the palm of my hand: soft, cool and unusually bright, shiny, as if its smooth, slippery skin had been painted with an expressionist brush
  4. (figuratively) clear, striking, powerful, remarkable (mentally, emotionally very impressive)
    spilgts piemērs‎ ― a striking example
    spilgti pretstati‎ ― striking contrasts
    spilgts talants‎ ― striking, impressive talent
    spilgta izrādes epizode‎ ― striking, impressive show episode
    spilgts romāna tēls‎ ― powerful, striking literary (lit. novel) character
    Alfrēds Kalniņš ir viena no visspilgtākajām, savdabīgākajām personībām latviešu mūzikas vēsturē‎ ― Alfrēds Kalniņš is one of the brightest, most striking personalities in Latvian musical history
    cilvēku parasti pazudina viņa visspilgtākā rakstura īpašība, kas ar laiku kļūst par vājību‎ ― a person is usually ruined by his most striking character trait, which with time becomes (his/her) weakness
  5. (dated sense, of sounds; now usually spalgs) very loud, strong
    bet vējš tik skaļiem smiekliem pasmejas... līdz smejas kaivas spilgtiem kliedzieniem‎ ― but the wind laughs with such loud laughs... (and) with the laughs (also) a seagull's sharp, loud squawks

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “spilgts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7