symbiosis

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek συμβίωσις (sumbíōsis, living together); synchronically, sym- +‎ -biosis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

symbiosis (plural symbioses)

  1. A relationship of mutual benefit, especially among different species.
    1. (ecology) A close, prolonged association between two or more organisms of different species that normally benefits both members. An interspecies cooperation.
  2. (biology) A close, prolonged association between two or more organisms of different species, regardless of benefit to the members.
  3. The state of people of different types, races, cultures, communities, etc., living together.
  4. The occurrence of two different or opposing things in the same time and place.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 135:
      In this peculiar and deadly symbiosis the presence of warfare stimulates trade and the presence of trade stimulates warfare.

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