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Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Old English þenċan (to think),[1] from Proto-Germanic *þankijaną (to perceive; to think), from Proto-Indo-European *teng- (to think).



thinken (third-person singular simple present thinketh, present participle thinkende, simple past thought, past participle ithought)

  1. To think, ponder; to deduce, figure out; to grasp, understand.
    • c. 1450, Prose Merlin
      And in the menewhile that thei thoughten upon these thinges that thei hadde seyn, the squyer com the thridde tyme and smote his lorde sorer than he hadde don before.
    • 1589, George Peele, An Eclogue Gratulatory
      And for their mistress, thoughten the two swains,
      They moughten never take too mickle pains;
  2. To pray.
  3. To conceive of, imagine.
  4. To recall, remember.
  5. To reach a conclusion, to decide, resolve; to accept, believe; to consider, regard.
  6. To focus on, pay attention to.
  7. To plot, scheme; to anticipate, expect.
    • c. 1500, The Turke and Sir Gawain
      All the giants thoughten then
      To have strucke out Sir Gawaines braine.
  8. To be sorry.
  9. To feel.



  • English: think
  • Scots: think, thynk


  1. ^ thinken, v.(2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 1 December 2017.