ticēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally from the verb tikt, now “to arrive, to reach, to get,” but previously “to be adequate, appropriate, to suit,” ticēt was apparently at first a (transitive) iterative form, or maybe a new verb derived via the adjective ticīgs now “believing” but previously “appropriate, adequate.” The meaning evolved from “(to be) adequate, approrpiate” to “(to be) reliable; to see as reliable, to trust” and finally “to believe.” Cognates include Lithuanian tikė́ti.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

ticēt intr. + dat., 3rd conj., pres. ticu, tici, tic, past ticēju

  1. to believe (to have a belief in something; to accept something, someone's opinion, authority, as true, valid)
    tam nevar ticētone can't believe that
    ticēt ārstamto believe (one's) doctor
    ticēt zinātnes sasniegumiemto believe the achievements of science
    stipri, akli ticētto believe strongly, blindly
    vienmēr vajag ticēt savai laimeione must always believe in one's happiness
    jaunība ir ticība brīnumam... jauni būdami, mēs neprasām, vai mūsu vēlēšanās ir prātīga, iespējama; mēs ilgojamies un ticam, ka ilgotais piepildīsies tikai tādēļ, ka mēs to tik ļoti gaidāmyouth is faith in miracles... being young, we don't ask if our desires are sensible, possible; we desire and believe that our desires will be fulfilled simply because we want them so much
  2. to believe, to trust (to have confidence in someone's credibility, sincerity, in someone's perspectives or potential)
    ticēt solījumiemto believe in promises
    viņam nevar ticētone can't believe (= trust) him
    viņš netic nevienamhe believes (= trusts) nobody
    ticēt cilvēkam, jaunatneito believe in people, in youth
    ticēt sevto believe in oneself
    ticēt saviem spēkiemto believe in one's strength
    neticēt savām acīmto not believe one's (own) eyes (= to be surprised by what one sees)
  3. (religion, mythology) to believe (to accept, to have faith in the existence and power of a god or gods, supernatural beings or forces)
    ticēt dievamto believe in god
    ticēt liktenimto believe in fate
    ticēt pārdabiskiem spēkiemto believe in supernatural forces
    mans tēvs tic ļaunai acijmy father believes in the evil eye
    ticēt Dievam nozīmē iegūt pieredzi par vēl kādu realitāti mūsos, saskaņā ar kuru savā dzīvē iegūstam līdzsvaru, mieru un dzīves jēgas izpratnito believe in God means to acquire experience with another reality in us, whereby we obtain a balance in our lives, piece, and an understanding of the meaning of life

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “ticēt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7