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From Latin viāticum (travelling-money, provisions for a journey), from viāticus (of a road or journey), from via (road). Doublet of voyage.



viaticum (plural viaticums or viatica)

  1. The Eucharist, when given to a person who is dying or one in danger of death.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (nonfiction), Folio Society; republished as Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth and Seventeenth-Century England, Penguin Books, 2003, →ISBN, page 37:
      [] from Anglo-Saxon times there had been a deep conviction that to receive the viaticum was a virtual death sentence which would make subsequent recovery impossible.
  2. (often figuratively) Provisions, money, or other supplies given to someone setting off on a long journey.
  3. A portable altar.
    (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)


Further reading[edit]



Substantivization of the neuter form of the adjective viāticus (pertaining to a journey or traveling).



viāticum n (genitive viāticī); second declension

  1. travelling-money; provision for a journey
  2. (figuratively) a journey
  3. resources; means
  4. money made abroad, especially as a soldier, or used to travel abroad


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative viāticum viātica
Genitive viāticī viāticōrum
Dative viāticō viāticīs
Accusative viāticum viātica
Ablative viāticō viāticīs
Vocative viāticum viātica

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • viaticum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • viaticum in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • viaticum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • viaticum in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • viaticum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • viaticum in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890