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- The Eucharist, when given to a person who is dying or one in danger of death.
- 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (nonfiction), Folio Society; republished as Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth and Seventeenth-Century England, Penguin Books, 2003, →ISBN, page 37:
- […] from Anglo-Saxon times there had been a deep conviction that to receive the viaticum was a virtual death sentence which would make subsequent recovery impossible.
- (often figuratively) Provisions, money, or other supplies given to someone setting off on a long journey.
- 1885, Sir Richard Burton, “Night 20”, in The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night (fiction), Kama Shastra Society, translation of One Thousand and One Nights; republished 1978, →ISBN:
- Towards night-fall he entered a town called Sa’adiyah where he alighted and took out somewhat of his viaticum and ate.
- A portable altar.
- (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought):
Substantivization of the neuter form of the adjective viāticus (“pertaining to a journey or traveling”).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /wiˈaː.ti.kum/, [wiˈaː.t̪ɪ.kʊ̃ˑ]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /viˈa.ti.kum/, [viˈaː.t̪i.kum]
- travelling-money; provision for a journey
- (figuratively) a journey
- resources; means
- money made abroad, especially as a soldier, or used to travel abroad
Second-declension noun (neuter).
- Old French: voiage
- Old Occitan: viatge
- → French: viatique
- → Italian: viatico
- Piedmontese: viàtic
- → Portuguese: viático
- → Spanish: viático
- → English: viaticum
- viaticum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- viaticum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- viaticum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- viaticum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- viaticum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- viaticum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin