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See also: viginti-




  1. twenty



Latin cardinal numbers
 <  XIX XX XXI  > 
    Cardinal : vīgintī
    Ordinal : vīcēsimus, vīgēsimus, vīcēnsimus, vīgēnsimus,
        vīcēsimes, vīgēsimes, vīcēnsimes, vīgēnsimes, vīcēnsumus

    Adverbial : vīciēs, vīciēns
    Distributive : vīcēnī, vīgēnī
    Fractional : vīcēsimus, vīgēsimus, vīcēnsimus, vīgēnsimus,
        vīcēsimes, vīgēsimes, vīcēnsimes, vīgēnsimes, vīcēnsumus
Latin Wikipedia article on vīgintī

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: XX


From Proto-Italic *wīgentī, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁wi-(h₁)-ḱm̥t-ih₁[1], from *dwi-(h₁)-dḱm̥t-ih₁, *dwi(h₁)dḱm̥ti (two tens, two decades). Cognate with Sanskrit विंशति (viṃśatí), Ancient Greek εἴκοσι (eíkosi), Old Irish fiche, Welsh ugain, Breton ugent, Tocharian A wiki.



vīgintī (indeclinable)[2][3][4][5]

  1. twenty; 20
    Habet annos viginti.
    He is twenty years old.
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Actus Apostolorum 27:28
      qui submittentes invenerunt passus viginti et pusillum inde separati invenerunt passus quindecim
      "And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms."

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “vīgintī”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 678
  2. ^ viginti in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  3. ^ viginti in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  4. ^ viginti in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  5. ^ Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • it is more than twenty years ago: amplius sunt (quam) viginti anni or viginti annis
    • twenty years and more: viginti anni et amplius, aut plus
    • twenty years ago: abhinc (ante) viginti annos or viginti his annis
    • to be not yet twenty: minorem esse viginti annis