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From vingrs (agile, strong) +‎ -ināt (or perhaps from vingr(ot) (to exercise (intr.)) +‎ -ināt). In its modern sense, this term was introduced by A. Kronvalds in the 1870s; previously, its meaning had been simply “to refresh, to freshen up.”[1]


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  1. 2nd person plural present indicative form of vingrināt

vingrināt tr., 3rd conj., pres. vingrinu, vingrini, vingrina, past vingrināju

  1. to exercise (to make (someone, a body part) stronger, more agile, with physical exercises)
    Rugālis, atmeties gultā virs segas, vingrināja kustībās savas ievainotās kājas pēduRugālis, lying down in bed under the sheets, exercised his wounded feet with (= in) movements
    viņa vingrina vēdera muskuļus, desmit divdesmit reizes tos savelkot un atlaižotshe exercises (her) abdominal muscles, tightening and releasing them ten, twenty times
    tā ir pēdējās kara ziemas vingrināta un asināta spējathis is an ability exercised (= trained) and sharpened (= honed) in the last winter of war


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  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “vingrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN