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See also: yūgō, Yūgō, and Yugo-


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From Latin jugum, iugum, from Proto-Italic *jugom, from Proto-Indo-European *yugóm, a root shared by iungō (I join). As it does not display the usual expected sound shifts from Latin, some linguists consider it a semi-learned medieval borrowing, while others see it as deriving from a dialectal variant akin to Leonese (and perhaps influenced by the semantically related word uncir). An Old Spanish form jogo, which did undergo the normal phonetic transitions, is attested[1]. Compare the dialectal variants ubio,[2][3], (l)uvio, chuvo, chugo, juvo, cf. also Aragonese chubo, Asturian xugu, Galician xugo, Portuguese jugo. The -v- in some of these forms may represent a Vulgar Latin pronunciation *jŭu(m); compare Old French jou, jof, Friulian jôf, Engadine Romansh giuf, Venetian dóvo, Logudorese Sardinian giuu, yuu.


  • IPA(key): /ˈɟ͡ʝuɡo/, [ˈɟ͡ʝuɣo]


yugo m (plural yugos)

  1. yoke (bar or frame of wood by which two animals are joined)

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