zarna

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See also: zarnā and zârnă

Latvian[edit]

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 zarna on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žer-, *žar- (with an extra suffix *-nā), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer- (bowel, intestine). In the 17th and 18th centuries, several variants of this stem are attested: zarnis, zarns, sarna. Cognates include Lithuanian žárna, žarnà, Old Norse gǫrn, Old High German, Middle Low German garn (yarn), German Garn (yarn), Albanian zorrë (intestine), Sanskrit हिरः (hiraḥ, tape, stripe), हिरा (hirā, vein), Ancient Greek χορδή (khordḗ), Latin haruspex (diviner who reads the intestines of sacrificed animals).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zarna f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy, often plural) intestine, bowel (part of the digestive tract between the stomach and the anus)
    zarnu trakts‎ ― intestinal tract
    zarnu sieniņa‎ ― intestinal wall
    tievā zarna‎ ― small (lit. thin) intestine
    resnā zarna‎ ― colon (lit. fat intestine)
    taisnā zarna‎ ― rectum (lit. straight intestine)
    zarnu darbība‎ ― bowel movement (lit. intestine activity)
    zarnu slimības‎ ― intestinal diseases
    zarnu iekaisums‎ ― intestinal inflammation
    zarnu parazīti‎ ― intestinal parasites

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zarna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7