zarna

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See also: zarnā and zârnă

Latvian[edit]

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 zarna on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žer-, *žar- (with an extra suffix *-nā), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer- (bowel, intestine). In the 17th and 18th centuries, several variants of this stem are attested: zarnis, zarns, sarna. Cognates include Lithuanian žárna, žarnà, Old Norse gǫrn, Old High German, Middle Low German garn (yarn), German Garn (yarn), Albanian zorrë (intestine), Sanskrit हिरः (hiraḥ, tape, stripe), हिरा (hirā, vein), Ancient Greek χορδή (khordḗ), Latin haruspex (diviner who reads the intestines of sacrificed animals).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

zarna f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy, often plural) intestine, bowel (part of the digestive tract between the stomach and the anus)
    zarnu traktsintestinal tract
    zarnu sieniņaintestinal wall
    tievā zarnasmall (lit. thin) intestine
    resnā zarnacolon (lit. fat intestine)
    taisnā zarnarectum (lit. straight intestine)
    zarnu darbībabowel movement (lit. intestine activity)
    zarnu slimībasintestinal diseases
    zarnu iekaisumsintestinal inflammation
    zarnu parazītiintestinal parasites

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zarna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7