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zobs m

  1. plural of zob


 zobs on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *źámbas[1] (with irregular *am > Latvian o ([uo]); or perhaps from a parallel form *žanbas, since *an > Latvian o ([uo]) is a regular change), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵómbʰos (tooth; row of teeth), itself from the stem *ǵembʰ- (to bite), apparently a variant of synonymous *ǵebʰ. Cognates include Lithuanian žam̃bas (log, beam edge; any sharp, angular object), žam̃bis (wooden plow), Old Church Slavonic зѫбъ (zǫbŭ), Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian зуб (zub), Bulgarian зъб (zǎb), Czech zub, Polish ząb, Old High German chamb (comb), Old Norse kambr, Old English camb, English comb, Albanian dhëmb (tooth), Sanskrit जम्भः (jámbhaḥ, tooth, fang), Ancient Greek γόμφος (gómphos, nail, peg), γομφίος (gomphíos, molar).[2]


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zobs m (1st declension)

  1. (anatomy) tooth (a hard, calcareous element in a structure present in the mouths of most vertebrates, used for biting and eating)
    veselīgi zobihealthy teeth
    nedzīvs zobslifeless tooth
    zoba kronistooth crown
    zoba saknetooth root
    zoba emaljatooth enamel
    zobu šķilšanāsteething (lit. teeth hatching)
    bērnam nāk zobithe child's teeth are coming out
    zoba plombēšanatooth filling
    zobu sāpestoothache
    zobu protēzedenture (lit. tooth prosthesis)
    izraut zobuto pull out a tooth
    tīrīt zobus ar sukuto clean (one's) teeth with a brush
    piena zobsmilk tooth
    acu zobs, acuzobseye tooth (i.e., canine tooth)
    gudrības zobswisdom tooth
    tik auksts, ka zobi klab(it is) so cold that (one's) teeth chatter
  2. (on tools, objects) tooth (protuberance, usually pointed, and usually on the side)
    zāģa zobisaw teeth
    ielikt pļaujmašīnai jaunu zobuto add a new tooth to the mower
    pils torņa zobicastle tower teeth (= battlement, crenels)
    viņš iedod atslēgu; tā ir pavisam jauna, smalki ievīlētiem zobiemhe gave the key; it is brand new, (with) finely filed teeth
  3. (of cutting tools) cutting edge (sharp side of the blade)
    izkapts zobsthe cutting edge (lit. tooth) of a scythe
    uzskati koku, ko cirvja zobs dziļi ievainojisyou are looking at a tree which the ax blade, edge (lit. tooth) hurt (= cut) deep


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See also[edit]


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 549
  2. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zobs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN