се

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

се (se)

  1. (reflexive, clitic) the accusative short form of the reflexive pronoun себе си, part of reflexive verbs, denoting that the subject is simultaneously the direct object; corresponds to myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
    Обичам се. - I love myself.
    Обича се. - He/She/It loves himself/herself/itself.
  2. (reciprocal, clitic) accusative reciprocal pronoun, denoting that the agents perform the mutual actions among themselves; corresponds to each other, one another
    Мария и Петър се обичат. - Maria and Petar love each other.
  3. (reflexive, clitic) reflexive pronoun, part of autocausative verbs, denoting that the referent represented by the subject combines the activity of actor and undergoes a change of state like a patient
    Петър се обиди. - Petаr became/was offended.
  4. (reflexive, clitic) reflexive pronoun, part of anticausative verbs, denoting that the subject of the verb undergoes an action or change of state whose agent is unclear or nonexistent
    Вратата се отвори. - The door (was, got) opened.
  5. (reflexive, clitic) used for passive constructions with transitive verbs and undetermined agent
    От моята къща се вижда морето. - From my house the sea is seen/one can see the see.
    Говори се, че... - It is said that...
  6. (reflexive, clitic) used for passive constructions with transitive verbs and determined agent
    Писмото се пише от мен. - The letter is being written by me.
    Къщата се проектира от известен архитект. - The house was designed by a famous architect.
  7. (reflexive, clitic) inherent part of an unergative reflexive or reciprocal verb with no meaning of its own, and an obligatory part of the verb's lexical entry
    Гордея се с работата на Сиву в училище. - I am proud of Sivu's schoolwork.
    Тя се надява да спечели златния медал. - She is hoping to win the gold medal.

Synonyms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

се (se)

  1. Short reflexive direct object pronoun.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

се (Latin spelling se)

  1. oneself (clitic form of reflexive pronoun)
    1. myself
    2. yourself
    3. himself
    4. herself
    5. itself
    6. ourselves
    7. yourselves
    8. themselves

Declension[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Numeral[edit]

се (se)

  1. three