حرف

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ح ر ف (ḥ-r-f).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • /ˈħarrafa/ [ˈħɑrrɑfɑ]

Verb[edit]

حَرَّفَ (ḥarrafa) II, non-past يُحَرِّفُ‎ (yuḥarrifu)

  1. to slant, to incline
  2. to bend down, up, or back, to turn down, up, or back
  3. to deflect
  4. to distort, to corrupt, to falsify, to misconstrue, to pervert, to twist
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • /ˈħarf(un)/ [ˈħɑrf(un)]:
    (file)

Noun[edit]

حَرْف (ḥarfm (plural حُرُوف (ḥurūf) or أَحْرُف (ʾaḥruf))

  1. letter (of the alphabet), piece of type
    • حَرْفًا بِحَرْفٍḥarfan bi-ḥarf(in)word for word
  2. consonant
  3. grammatical particle
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَرْف (ḥarfm (plural حِرَف (ḥiraf))

  1. cutting edge, sharp edge
  2. border, brink, edge, rim
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • /ˈħiraf/ [ˈħirɑf]

Noun[edit]

حِرَف (ḥirafpl

  1. plural form of حَرْف (ḥarf)

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

حُرْف (ḥurfm

  1. cress (Lepidium sativum, a garden vegetable)
Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic حَرْف (ḥarf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حرف (harf) (plural حرف‌ها (harf-hâ) or حروف (horuf))

  1. speech
  2. talk
  3. letter
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic حِرَف (ḥiraf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حرف (heraf)

  1. (archaic) plural form of حرفه