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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田木 (WD), X田木 (XWD), four-corner 60904, composition)

  1. to surround, besiege
  2. to be surrounded
  3. difficult
  4. 47th hexagram of the I Ching

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 217, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 445, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 714, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+56F0

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 困/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (困), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦悶切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuənH/ /kʰuənH/ /kʰuənH/ /kʰuonH/ /kʰwənH/ /kʰuənH/ /kʰuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kùn ‹ khwonH › /*kʰˤu[n]-s/ obstruct; distress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7554 2 /*kʰuːns/

Verb[edit]

  1. to sleep

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The traditional character is used in place of 困 only in its sense meaning "sleepy." For all other meanings, 困 is used both as a simplified and traditional character.


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gon) (hangeul , revised gon, McCune-Reischauer kon)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khốn, khuôn)

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