Babylon

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Babylōn, from Ancient Greek Βαβυλών (Babulōn), from Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Bābili [KA2.DINGIR.RAKI], literally Gate of God), translation of Sumerian KA.DINGIR; the name of the ancient Chaldean capital and Biblical city of the Apocalypse.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Babylon

  1. Capital of Babylonia in the 2nd and 1st century BC.
  2. Any city of great wealth, luxury and vice.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 2, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      Mother [] considered that the exclusiveness of Peter's circle was due not to its distinction, but to the fact that it was an inner Babylon of prodigality and whoredom, from which every Kensingtonian held aloof, except on the conventional tip-and-run excursions in pursuit of shopping, tea and theatres.
  3. (Rastafarianism) Western civilization, seen as corrupt and materialistic, and contrasted with Zion.

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek Βαβυλών (Babulōn), from Akkadian 𒆍𒀭𒊏𒆠 (Bābili [KA2.DINGIR.RAKI], literally Gate of God), translation of Sumerian KA.DINGIR; the name of the ancient Chaldean capital and Biblical city of the Apocalypse.

Proper noun[edit]

Babylōn f (genitive Babylōnis); third declension

  1. (geography) Babylon

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative Babylōn Babylōnēs
genitive Babylōnis Babylōnum
dative Babylōnī Babylōnibus
accusative Babylōnem Babylōnēs
ablative Babylōne Babylōnibus
vocative Babylōn Babylōnēs

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Babylon in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879