Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
See also: holocaust
- (historical, narrowly) The systematic mass murder (genocide) of 6 million Jews perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
- (historical, broadly) The systematic mass murder (democide) of 11 million people, namely 6 million Jews and 5 million others (including Romanis, Slavs, homosexuals, gender-nonconforming people, and people with physical and mental disabilities), perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
- For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.
- Whether the term "Holocaust" is a designation for the mass murder of 11 million people or only for the genocide of 6 million Jews is contested.
- The genocide of the European Jews may be unambiguously referred to as the Shoah. The genocide of the Romani people has the specific designation Porajmos.
- For more information on the origin and early uses of the term holocaust, see the entry holocaust.
- (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Shoah
- the Nazi genocide
- (mass murder of 6 million Jews): holocaust, genocide, mass murder
- (mass murder of 11 million people): holocaust, democide, mass murder
- (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Porajmos (the genocide of the Roma)
the mass murder of 6 million Jews by Nazi Germany
the mass murder of 11 million people by Nazi Germany
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
- Shoah on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Shoah (Nazi persecution of Jews)
- Porajmos on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Porajmos (Nazi persecution of Romanis)
- Nazi persecution of blacks on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Persecution of black people in Nazi Germany
- Nazi persecution of Poles on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Nazi crimes against the Polish nation and of Soviet prisoners-of-war
- Nazi persecution of homosexuals on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust
- concentration camp
- ethnic cleansing
- final solution
- Meds Yeghern
- ^ see e.g. Edward T. Linenthal, Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America's Holocaust Museum (Columbia University Press; 15 October 2001; ISBN-10: 0231124074; ISBN-13: 978-0231124072)
- IPA(key): /ˈhoːloˌkaʊ̯st/, IPA(key): /ˌholoˈkaʊ̯st/
- (anglicised pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɔləˌkɔːst/
Holocaust m (genitive Holocausts)