Holocaust

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See also: holocaust

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

See holocaust.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Holocaust

  1. (historical, narrowly) The systematic mass murder (genocide) of 6 million Jews perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
  2. (historical, broadly) The systematic mass murder (democide) of 11 million people, namely 6 million Jews and 5 million others (including Romanis, Slavs, homosexuals, transgender people, non-whites and disabled people), perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
    For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whether the term "Holocaust" is a designation for the mass murder of 11 million people or only for the genocide of 6 million Jews is hotly contested.[1]
  • The genocide of the European Jews may be unambiguously referred to as the Shoah. The genocide of the Romani people has the specific designation Porajmos.
  • For more information on the origin and early uses of the term holocaust, see the usage note about holocaust.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Shoah
  • the Nazi genocide

Hypernyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Porajmos (the genocide of the Roma)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ see e.g. Edward T. Linenthal, Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America's Holocaust Museum (Columbia University Press; 15 October 2001; ISBN-10: 0231124074; ISBN-13: 978-0231124072)

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Holocaust m (genitive Holocausts)

  1. (historical) the Holocaust

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Max Mangold, Duden-Aussprachewörterbuch (Duden Band 6), sixth revised and updated edition (Dudenverlag, Mannheim, 2005; ISBN 9783411040667), page 408
  2. ^ Duden: Universalwörterbuch, sixth edition, page 844
  3. ^ Duden: Großes Fremdwörterbuch, fourth edition, page 565