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See also: holocaust


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See holocaust.


Proper noun[edit]


  1. (historical, narrowly) The systematic mass murder (genocide) of 6 million Jews perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
  2. (historical, broadly) The systematic mass murder (democide) of 11 million people, namely 6 million Jews and 5 million others (including Romanis, Slavs, homosexuals, gender-nonconforming people, and people with physical and mental disabilities), perpetrated by Nazi Germany shortly before and during World War II.
    For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whether the term "Holocaust" is a designation for the mass murder of 11 million people or only for the genocide of 6 million Jews is contested.[1]
  • The genocide of the European Jews may be unambiguously referred to as the Shoah. The genocide of the Romani people has the specific designation Porajmos.
  • For more information on the origin and early uses of the term holocaust, see the entry holocaust.


  • (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Shoah
  • the Nazi genocide


Coordinate terms[edit]

  • (mass murder of 6 million Jews): Porajmos (the genocide of the Roma)

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ see e.g. Edward T. Linenthal, Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America's Holocaust Museum (Columbia University Press; 15 October 2001; ISBN-10: 0231124074; ISBN-13: 978-0231124072)



Proper noun[edit]

Holocaust m (genitive Holocausts)

  1. (historical) the Holocaust


  1. 1.0 1.1 Max Mangold, Duden-Aussprachewörterbuch (Duden Band 6), sixth revised and updated edition (Dudenverlag, Mannheim, 2005; ISBN 9783411040667), page 408
  2. ^ Duden: Universalwörterbuch, sixth edition, page 844
  3. ^ Duden: Großes Fremdwörterbuch, fourth edition, page 565