bleiben

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German blīben, belīben (to remain in the same position, pause, blin), from Old High German bilīban (to remain), from Proto-Germanic *bilībaną (to remain), from Proto-Indo-European *lip- (to stick, glue). Cognate with Dutch blijven (to remain), English belive (to remain, stay). More at belive.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈblaɪ̯bən/, [ˈblaɪ̯bən], [ˈblaɪ̯bm̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: blei‧ben

Verb[edit]

bleiben (class 1 strong, third-person singular simple present bleibt, past tense blieb, past participle geblieben, past subjunctive bliebe, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to remain (to continue to be)
    Er blieb sein ganzes Leben ein glühender Anhänger der Monarchie.
    “He remained a devoted supporter of the monarchy for all his life.”
  2. (intransitive, + infinitive) to keep (on); to continue (see usage notes below)
    Ich bleibe noch ein bischen liegen.
    “I'll keep lying here for a bit.”
  3. (intransitive) to stay; to remain in a place
    Du kannst ja schon fahren, aber ich bleibe noch.
    “Feel free to leave, but I'm staying some more.”
  4. (intransitive) to be; to be stuck; implying tardiness
    Wo bleibst du? Wir sind schon seit über einer Stunde da.
    “Where are you? We arrived more than an hour ago.”
  5. (intransitive, + dative) to be left for someone
    Was bleibt ihm jetzt noch, wo seine Frau gestorben ist?
    “What does he have left now his wife has died?” (literally: What is left for him...)
  6. (intransitive, + bei) to stick with; to stay with
    Ich hab’s ihm erklärt, aber er bleibt bei seiner Meinung.
    “I’ve explained it to him, but he sticks with his opinion.”

Usage notes[edit]

  • (keep on): The construction bleiben + infinitive is only possible with certain verbs that describe a position. These are stehen (to stand), sitzen (to sit), liegen (to lie), and synonyms thereof. The construction is also heard with wohnen (to dwell) and leben (to live), though this may not be used by all speakers.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]