stehen

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German stān, stēn, from Proto-Germanic *stāną. The -h- was introduced into the spelling by analogy with sehen, in which it had become mute but was retained in spelling.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • stehn (dated in formal prose, but still common informally or poetically)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃteː.ən/ (official standard, but less common)
  • IPA(key): /ʃteːn/ (predominant)
  • Hyphenation: ste‧hen
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːən, -eːn

Verb[edit]

stehen (irregular, third-person singular simple present steht, past tense stand, past participle gestanden, past subjunctive stände or stünde, auxiliary haben or sein)

  1. (intransitive) to stand (to be upright, support oneself on the feet in an erect position)
  2. (intransitive) to be, to appear, to stand (to be placed or located somewhere)
    Das steht nicht in dem Wörterbuch.
    This does not appear in the dictionary.
    • 1931, Arthur Schnitzler, Flucht in die Finsternis, S. Fischer Verlag, page 36:
      Ein frisch gefülltes Glas Champagner stand vor ihm. Er trank es in einem Zug aus – mit Lust, fast mit Begier.
      A freshly filled glass of champaign was in front of him. He emptied it in one draught – with pleasure, almost with greed.
  3. (intransitive) to stay; to be still

Usage notes[edit]

The most frequent auxiliary with stehen is haben: Ich habe gestanden. In northern and central Germany, only this form is used. In southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, sein is common in the vernacular and also, alternatively, in standard usage: Ich bin gestanden.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]