devoir

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: devoirs

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French deveir (French devoir), from Latin debere (to owe)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

devoir (plural devoirs)

  1. (archaic) Duty, business; something which one must do.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, vol.1, p.149:
      he imprint not so much in his schollers mind [] where Marcellus died, as because he was unworthy of his devoire he died there [].
    • 1787, Winifred Marshall Gales, The History of Lady Emma Melcombe and her family, vol.3. p.155:
      I should have long ere this paid my devoirs to the inhabitants of Raymond Castle.
    • 1885, Sir Richard Burton, The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol.1:
      Then quoth the portress to the mistress of the house, "O my lady, arise and go to thy place that I in turn may do my devoir."
    • 1983, Lawrence Durrell, Sebastian, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), p.1057:
      That is the little bit of essential information which enables us to complete our devoir – without it we are just ordinary people, dispossessed, taken unawares: the original sin!

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French deveir, from Latin dēbēre (must), present active infinitive of dēbeō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

devoir m (plural devoirs)

  1. duty
  2. exercise (set for homework)

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

devoir

  1. must, to have to (as a requirement)
  2. must, to do or have with certainty
  3. (transitive) to owe (money, obligation and etc)
  4. (literary, intransitive, in imperfect subjunctive, with inversion of subject) (even) though it be necessary (+ infinitive)
    • 1842, George Sand, Consuelo:
      Eh bien, se dit-elle, j'irai, dussé-je affronter les dangers réels [...]. ⇒ Well, she said to herself, I'll go, even if I have to face real danger.
  5. (reflexive, ~ à) to have a duty to

Conjugation[edit]

  • The past participle drops the circumflex accent in its other forms: feminine singular due; masculine plural dus; feminine plural dues.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dēbēre (to owe).

Verb[edit]

devoir

  1. to have to; must
  2. to owe

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem doiv distinct from the unstressed stem dev, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

  • The past participle has the forms: feminine singular düe; masculine plural dus; feminine plural dües.

Noun[edit]

devoir m (oblique plural devoirs, nominative singular devoirs, nominative plural devoir)

  1. debt

References[edit]