fechten

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German fehtan (to fight), from Proto-Germanic *fehtaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peḱ-. Cognate to Low German fechten, Dutch vechten, English fight, Danish fegte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fechten (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present ficht, past tense focht, past participle gefochten, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to fence
  2. (intransitive, poetic) to fight
    • 1772, Salomon Geßner, Neue Idyllen:
      Einer, der neben mir focht, sah rückwärts, rafft' auf seine Schulter mich, und lief mit mir aus der Schlacht. Ein frommer Ordensmann betete nicht weit auf einem Fels um unsern Sieg: Pflege diesen, Vater, er hat gefochten wie ein Mann!
      “One who fought next to me, looked backward, gather'd me up on his shoulder, and ran with me from the battle. A devout man of God prayed not far on a rock for our victory: Look after this one, father, he has fought like a man!”
    • 1844, Karl Simrock, Das kleine Heldenbuch:
      Bald gilt an deinem Hofe ein angelneuer Brauch: / Du fichtst nun mit der Linken, die Goten werdens auch
      “Soon a new English custom held in your court: / You now fight with the left hand, as is done by the Goths”
    • Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, translation by August Wilhelm Schlegel:
      Ich hörte wilden Lärm, als föchte man, Und der Wind bringt vom Kapitol ihn her.
      “I heard a bustling rumour, as if one fought, and the wind brings it from the Capitol.”

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • In the standard language, the 2nd and 3rd person singular forms must be du fichtst and er ficht. In colloquial usage, however, the forms du fechtest and er fechtet are usually preferred. Compare the same alternation in the verb flechten.

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German vechten, from Old Saxon fehtan, from Proto-Germanic *fehtaną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peḱ-. Cognate with English fight, German fechten, Dutch vechten, West Frisian fjuchte, Danish fegte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fechten (past singular fecht or focht, past participle fecht or fochten, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. to fight, to combat, to wage battle
  2. to fence
  3. to struggle
  4. to brawl

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]