garen

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See also: Gáren and gären

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch gharen, from Old Dutch *garn, from Proto-Germanic *garną, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰorn-, *ǵʰer- (tharm, gut, intestine). Compare German Garn, West Frisian jern, English yarn, Danish garn.

Noun[edit]

garen n (uncountable)

  1. yarn, thread

Etymology 2[edit]

From gaar.

Verb[edit]

garen (past singular gaarde, past participle gegaard)

  1. (intransitive) to become ready (cooked)
  2. (transitive) to allow or cause to become ready
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Syncopic form of earlier gaderen, from Middle Dutch ghaderen, from Old Dutch *gadaron, from Proto-Germanic *gadurōną. Cognate with English gather.

Verb[edit]

garen (past singular gaarde, past participle gegaard)

  1. (archaic) to collect, to gather
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From gar (cooked), from Old High German garo (prepared). Not related to gären.

Verb[edit]

garen (third-person singular simple present gart, past tense garte, past participle gegart, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) cook (prepare (food) for eating)
    Wir haben die Kartoffeln im Backofen gegart.
    We cooked the potatoes in the oven.
  2. (intransitive) cook (become ready for eating)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Garen and kochen both mean "to cook (food)", but the emphasis is different. Kochen is very general, covering all aspects of cooking and focusing on the entire process of preparing food to be eaten. Garen emphasizes the thorough heating of food; food that is gegart is "done" in the sense of completely cooked. Because kochen can also mean "boil", garen must be used when referring to a heating process other than boiling. Wir haben die Kartoffeln im Backofen gekocht would not make sense, since one boils potatoes on the stove top and not in the oven.

External links[edit]